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2009 "Volunteers Working With Invasives"
Grants Report Form

Display Report


Project Title: Mapping Invasive Species and Monitoring Biological Control Effectiveness with Geographical Informational System (GIS), Phase II.
Region: 6
Station: Madison WMD
Contact Person:
Name and Phone Number
Kyle Kelsey
Project Description:
(Up to 250 words)
The Madison District is utilizing biological control methods for leafy spurge control. Since 2000, we have released 1,860,000 flea beetles (Aphthona lacertosa) at 51 sites on 30 Waterfowl Production Areas (WPAs). The benefits of using biological control methods are numerous, minimizing the use of herbicides on WPAs is exceptionally beneficial. We have GPS locations on all of our biological control release sites and this information has been loaded into Refuge Lands Geographic Information System (RLGIS). We have cover-mapped and classified the habitat for the entire District. With the habitat mapping complete, monitoring is now needed to maintain accurate habitat conditions, and to detect invasive species. The mapping protocol used to classify vegetation was >50% dominant and >¼ acre in size. Due to the fact that initial invasion sites are small (<¼ acre in size) early detection of invasion requires routine monitoring. We are utilizing advanced mapping techniques to monitor treatments, determine priority areas for treatment, and to detect areas of new invasion. Advance mapping techniques incorporate the use of GPS units that are capable of sub-meter accuracy (Trimble GeoXT) and GIS software (ArcGis/ArcPad) to collect data that will be compiled into a geospatial database (RLGIS). The primary objective will be to annually map the extent of leafy spurge at each release site and all expected release sites. The secondary objective will be to monitor grasslands (via annual mapping) for other invasive species, primarily Canada thistle. Utilizing advanced mapping techniques will allow us to determine the effectiveness of control methods, prioritize treatment sites, and the early detection of new invasions to facilitate rapid response.
List of Invasives Species Targeted:Common NameScientific Name
  Leafy Spurge Euphorbia esula
Canada Thistle Cirsium arvense
Absinth Wormwood Artemisia absinthium
Yellow Toadflax Linaria vulgaris
Reed Canary Grass Phalaris arundinacea
Russian olive Elaeagnus angustifolia
Eastern Red Cedar Juniperus virginiana
Smooth Brome Bromus inermis
Kentucky Bluegrass Poa pratensis
Project Status: Completed
Project Completion Date
or Estimated Completion Date:


Volunteer Affiliation:
(Check all that apply)
Volunteer Involvement:
Describe the type of work the volunteers performed. (Up to 150 words)
USFWS volunteers were trained on the use of advance mapping techniques (ArcPad, ArcMap, RLGIS and Trimble GPS units). The volunteers mapped leafy spurge on the previous 51 biological control sites. Volunteers also assisted in mapping the density of Canada thistle on a 66 WPA’s (approximately 20,000 acres). The volunteer also conduct surveys of grasslands for the early detection of other invasive species.
Total Number of Volunteers: 11
Total Number of Volunteer Hours: 1032
List both new and existing partnerships utilized in this project. (Up to 150 words).
South Dakota State University


Project Results:
Give an overview of the results of the project. Include quantifiable measure of success, such as maps produced, efficacy of control measures, number of sites where invasions were detected early and responded to, number of community contacts, etc. (Up to 250 words).
In 2009, mapping of invasive species occurred on 66 Waterfowl Production Areas within the Madison WMD. Invasive species (Canada thistle) densities were determined for 19,365 acres of WPAs. This information will be used to prioritize our invasive species control efforts in 2010, and help determine the effectiveness of our efforts.
Number of Acres Treated: 4,201
Number of Acres Inventoried and/or Mapped: 19,365
Number of Acres Restored:


Budget: Account for funds in broad categories such as equipment, volunteer stipends, travel, coordinator salary/contract, etc.

Total Grant Amount:

$ 10,000

Breakdown of Expenditures:


Total $ Spent
% of Total Grant
Equipment / Supplies $4,500 45%
Chemical 0
Biocontrol Agents 0
Travel $2,000 20%
Volunteer Stipends 0
Volunteer Coordinator Salary/Contract $3,000 30%
Restoration Materials 0
Other $500 5%
TOTAL $10,000 100%

Recommendations: (OPTIONAL)
How useful was this program for meeting refuge invasive species objectives and how can it be improved?


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