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2008 "Volunteers Working With Invasives"
Grants Report Form

Display Report


Project Title: Mapping Invasive Species to Monitoring Biological Control Effectiveness with Geographical Informational System (GIS).
Region: 6
Station: Madison Wetland Management District
Contact Person:
Name and Phone Number
Kyle Kelsey
Project Description:
(Up to 250 words)
The Madison District is utilizing biological control methods for leafy spurge control. Since 2000, we have released 1,828,000 flea beetles (Aphthona lacertosa) at 48 sites on 27 Waterfowl Production Area’s (WPA’s). The benefits of using biological control methods are numerous; however, minimizing the use of herbicides on WPA’s is exceptionally beneficial. We have GPS locations on all of our biological control release sites and this information has been loaded into Refuge Lands Geographic Information System (RLGIS). We have cover-mapped and classified the habitat for the entire District. With the mapping of invasive species complete, monitoring is now needed to maintain accurate habitat conditions.
List of Invasives Species Targeted:Common NameScientific Name
  Leafy Spurge Euphorbia esula
Canada Thistle Cirsium arvense
Absinth Wormwood Artemisia absinthium
Yellow Toadflax Linaria vulgaris
Reed Canary Grass Phalaris arundinacea
Russian olive Elaeagnus angustifolia
Eastern Red Cedar Juniperus virginiana
Smooth Brome Bromus inermis
Kentucky Bluegrass Poa pratensis
Project Status: Completed
Project Completion Date
or Estimated Completion Date:


Volunteer Affiliation:
(Check all that apply)
Volunteer Involvement:
Describe the type of work the volunteers performed. (Up to 150 words)
USFWS volunteers were trained on the use of advance mapping techniques (ArcPad, ArcMap, RLGIS and Trimble GPS units). The volunteers mapped leafy spurge on the previous 48 biological control sites and 3 new sites for 2008. Volunteers also mapped the density of Canada thistle on a WPA’s (approximately 1,000 acres). The volunteer also conduct surveys of grasslands for the early detection of other invasive species.
Total Number of Volunteers: 2
Total Number of Volunteer Hours: 381
List both new and existing partnerships utilized in this project. (Up to 150 words).
South Dakota State University and Madison High School.


Project Results:
Give an overview of the results of the project. Include quantifiable measure of success, such as maps produced, efficacy of control measures, number of sites where invasions were detected early and responded to, number of community contacts, etc. (Up to 250 words).
In 2008, mapping of invasive species occured on 154 Waterfowl Production Areas with in the Madison WMD. Invasive species (Canada thistle) densities were determined for 20,135 acres of WPA's. Additionally, a total of 1195 GPS points of small patches or individual invasisves (spurge, cedar, wormwood, russian olive, etc.) were recorded. Theses points are critical aspects of early detection. And another 515 acres of larger patches of invasives species (spurge, reed canary grass, smooth brome, Kentucky bluegrass, Canada thistle, wormwood, etc.) were mapped using advance technologies. This information that was collected will be used to prioritize our invasive species control efforts in 2009, and help determine the effectiveness of our efforts. We still have approximatly 20,000 acres on 66 WPA's that were not inventoried for inavsives. Hopefully, that will be completed in 2009.
Number of Acres Treated: 960
Number of Acres Inventoried and/or Mapped: 20,135
Number of Acres Restored:


Budget: Account for funds in broad categories such as equipment, volunteer stipends, travel, coordinator salary/contract, etc.

Total Grant Amount:

$ $8,380

Breakdown of Expenditures:


Total $ Spent
% of Total Grant
Equipment / Supplies $4,045
Biocontrol Agents
Travel $513.50
Volunteer Stipends $518
Volunteer Coordinator Salary/Contract $3,096
Restoration Materials
Other $207.50

Recommendations: (OPTIONAL)
How useful was this program for meeting refuge invasive species objectives and how can it be improved?


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