U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Logo U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

2005 "Volunteers Working With Invasives"
Grants Report Form

Display Report


Project Title: Removing Invasive Plants and Restoring Native Habi
Region: 5
Station: Rachel Carson NWR
Contact Person:
Name and Phone Number
Ward Feurt 207 646 9226
Project Description:
(Up to 250 words)
We enhanced habitat for New England Cottontail (recently proposed for listing under the Endangered Species Act), American Woodcock and Rufous-sided Towhee by removing invasive shrubs from a portion of a field which has been historically occupied by cottontail, and is adjacent to areas currently occupied. Areas were replanted with native shrub species which are documented to be of high food value to cottontail on September 30th and October 1st. The refuge expanded its partnership with the Town of Cape Elizabeth, Cape Elizabeth Land Trust, Cumberland County Master Gardeners and the Wells Reserve. Removing nuisance plants and replanting the area will help prevent the area from being re-invaded by invasive plants and provide immediate wildlife benefits. Conservation partners were provided information on the benefits of native plants, why certain plants are harmful, and about early successional wildlife
List of Invasives Species Targeted:Common NameScientific Name
  Autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata
Oriental bittersweet Celastrus orbiculata
Bush honeysuckle Lonicera morrowii
Canada thistle Cirsium arvense
Multiflora rose Rosa multiflora
Japanese knotweed Polygonum cuspidatum
Project Status: Completed
Project Completion Date
or Estimated Completion Date:


Volunteer Affiliation:
(Check all that apply)
    VA_SchoolGrp                VA_StudentConsAssoc    VA_CivicOrg    VA_MGardener    VA_Other
Volunteer Involvement:
Describe the type of work the volunteers performed. (Up to 150 words)
Volunteers were trained to identify invasive plants at the site, removed invasive plants with hand tools, and replanted the area with native shrubs. Over 800 shrubs were replanted within a 3 acre area.
Total Number of Volunteers: 25
Total Number of Volunteer Hours: 150
List both new and existing partnerships utilized in this project. (Up to 150 words).
Cape Elizabeth Conservation Commission, Cape Elizabeth Land Trust, ME Department of Transportation, Portland School District, Wells Reserve, University of Maine, University of New England. We are particularly pleased to form new partnerships with local high schools, Cumberland County Master Gardeners, Universities and the Maine Department of Transportation


Project Results:
Give an overview of the results of the project. Include quantifiable measure of success, such as maps produced, efficacy of control measures, number of sites where invasions were detected early and responded to, number of community contacts, etc. (Up to 250 words).
Number of Community Contacts: 66 Number of Press Releases: 8 newspapers Number of Acres Treated: 3 Number of Acres Inventoried: 10 Number Restored: 3 Field surveys at this site detected the presence of New England Cottontail in several small, marginal shrublands bordered by woodlands, marsh and reverting fields. Two suitable habitats were separated by a narrow section of field. An assessment of the habitat indicated numerous invasive plants that were beginning to develop in the open field and along edges. The objective was to remove all invasive plants from a three acre section of field that separated the two habitats and to do a dense planting of native shrubs and trees to link the two areas to benefit cottontail. On June 8th, Kate O'Brien gave a New England cottontail presentation to the Cape Elizabeth Conservation Commission. As a result, the town and the Refuge have partnered to manage a 10 acre parcel of town land which is adjacent to a Refuge shrubland management unit. On Friday and Saturday, September 30 and October 1, 20 volunteers planted over 800 plants and placed stem guards around many plants. Most of the holes where dug using a boring auger on a tractor and others were dug in wetland by hand to prevent wheel damage. We will survey the area this winter for New England Cottontail use and will continue to monitor the shrub community and remove invasive plants
Number of Acres Treated: 3
Number of Acres Inventoried and/or Mapped: 10
Number of Acres Restored: 3


Budget: Account for funds in broad categories such as equipment, volunteer stipends, travel, coordinator salary/contract, etc.

Total Grant Amount:

$ 9500

Breakdown of Expenditures:


Total $ Spent
% of Total Grant
Equipment / Supplies 3000 32
Biocontrol Agents
Travel 420 4
Volunteer Stipends
Volunteer Coordinator Salary/Contract 1500 16
Restoration Materials 3500 37
Other 1080 11
TOTAL 9500 100

Recommendations: (OPTIONAL)
How useful was this program for meeting refuge invasive species objectives and how can it be improved?
Yes, we found this grant program extremely useful. The dollars helped us not only remove invasive shrubs, but more importantly, replant the area to prevent invasive plants from simply re-invading. The restoration will provide immediate wildlife and conservation benefits. The support of a volunter coordinator was particularly helpful. Thank you!


- Return to Main Menu -