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2005 "Volunteers Working With Invasives"
Grants Report Form

Display Report


Project Title: Phragmites and Japanese Stiltgrass Control and Mon
Region: 5
Station: Great Swamp NWR
Contact Person:
Name and Phone Number
Sharon Marino 973-425-1222 ext.16
Project Description:
(Up to 250 words)
Approximately 10 acres of phragmites will be targeted this year. The large patches will be cut by hand or machine from June to August. This will stress the plant and also create easy access to the regrowth. In September and October, staff and volunteers will spray the regrowth with the herbicide glyphosate using backpack sprayers. Phragmites will also be controlled in bog turtle habitat. This control will benefit the habitat for this federally threatened species. Japanese stiltgrass is spreading rapidly on the refuge and control efforts are necessary to prevent the spread of this invasive plant. Japanese stiltgrass will be mapped during the spring and summer of 2005. Our goal is to map 20% of the stiltgrass that is present on the refuge. Control will include: Hand pulling of small infestations and in sensitive wetland habitat in August and September, mowing of large infestations using a weed-whacker in late summer before the seeds are produced, and using herbicide. We will also monitor the response of the different treatments. Japanese stiltgrass will also be controlled in bog turtle habitat.
List of Invasives Species Targeted:Common NameScientific Name
  Common reed Phragmites australis
Japanese Stiltgrass Microstegium vimineum
Project Status: Completed
Project Completion Date
or Estimated Completion Date:


Volunteer Affiliation:
(Check all that apply)
VA_FriendsGrp                                 VA_Other
Volunteer Involvement:
Describe the type of work the volunteers performed. (Up to 150 words)
Volunteers assisted with cutting stands of phragmites. Volunteers also assisted with the mapping of the stiltgrass and hand-pulling and cutting of the stiltgrass.
Total Number of Volunteers: 11
Total Number of Volunteer Hours: 132
List both new and existing partnerships utilized in this project. (Up to 150 words).
The Friends of Great Swamp assisted on this project and have shown interest in helping on invasive species projects in the future. Jersey Central Power and Light agreed to cut and spray the phragmites along their powerline corridor which is on the refuge. They agreed to the recommended management technique for treatment and are planning on continuing this project in 2006.


Project Results:
Give an overview of the results of the project. Include quantifiable measure of success, such as maps produced, efficacy of control measures, number of sites where invasions were detected early and responded to, number of community contacts, etc. (Up to 250 words).
We were able to control 25 acres of phragmites in 2005. Refuge staff worked with volunteers and JCP&L on this project. The phragmites was cut from June August and the regrowth was sprayed in September and October. Refuge staff and volunteers also mapped 25 acres of stiltgrass on the refuge. This mapping effort helped us to find areas of stiltgrass that we were not aware of. Refuge staff and volunteers also controlled 6 acres of stiltgrass through different techniques including hand-pulling, weed-whacking and herbicide application. We used rodeo in wetland areas to control the stiltgrass and we used poast in upland areas which is a grass specific herbicide. Different concentrations of herbicide were also used on this project to determine the lowest herbicide concentration to effectively control the stiltgrass. We will monitor all areas treated and will determine the effectiveness of the control efforts in 2005. A local reporter participated in the Japanese stiltgrass control efforts during one of our volunteer workdays. He wrote 2 articles on the work that the refuge is doing on this project and helped to raised awareness on this invasive species. An article was also written for the Friends Newsletter to also raise awareness.
Number of Acres Treated: 31
Number of Acres Inventoried and/or Mapped: 25
Number of Acres Restored: 15


Budget: Account for funds in broad categories such as equipment, volunteer stipends, travel, coordinator salary/contract, etc.

Total Grant Amount:

$ 5000

Breakdown of Expenditures:


Total $ Spent
% of Total Grant
Equipment / Supplies 4628
Chemical 372
Biocontrol Agents
Volunteer Stipends
Volunteer Coordinator Salary/Contract
Restoration Materials
TOTAL 5000

Recommendations: (OPTIONAL)
How useful was this program for meeting refuge invasive species objectives and how can it be improved?
This program allowed us to focus more effort on invasive species control at Great Swamp NWR. I think this is an excellent program that should be continued.


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