Streaked Horned Lark

Eremophila alpestris strigata
The streaked horned lark has a yellow face and black horns/NPS Photo

This subspecies of the Pacific coastal form of horned larks may be the most endangered bird in Washington. Horned larks are ground-dwelling birds have distinctive eyebrow stripes and black horns. Larks live in native prairie habitat, but have adapted to nesting in low-growing and sparely vegetated grasslands at airports, coastal dunes and dredge spoil islands. Nests are well camouflaged.

The streaked horned lark was once abundant in Puget Sound prairies. As its population and distribution has decreased significantly with the decline in habitat, it is now restricted to a few large open grassland sites and islands in Washington and several sites in Oregon.  This species is currently listed as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act.

The Leadbetter Point Unit of Willapa National Wildlife Refuge is home to the only coastal nesting larks in the state of Washington. Coastal dune restoration efforts have helped this species. Learn more about the benefits of coastal dune conservation…

Facts About Streaked Horned Lark

Only found in western Washington and Oregon

Males do an elaborate aerial courtship display

Have black, feather horns