Headquarters Stream Restoration

Healthy streams have pool, riffles and overhanging vegetation/USFWS Photo

Headquarters Stream was the Refuge's first freshwater restoration project.

Putting Out the Welcome Mat 

Headquarters Stream was restored with the goal of welcoming home chum and coho salmon, and coastal cutthroat trout populations. These fish were last seen in this stream in the late 1940s. Restoration activities were initiated in 1997, starting with the removal of fish passage barriers on the upper and lower portions of the stream. This included the removal of a tidegate at the mouth of the stream to encourage tidal influence and the recolonization of salt marsh communties. In the upper stream, barriers such as flash board risers, culverts, and a check dam were removed. Large woody debris and root wads were placed in the stream to create pools, riffles and shade for stream life. A pond was created. In later stages of the project, spawning beds were rehabilitated, and chum salmon and cutthroat trout were re-established in the stream. Coho salmon recolonized the stream when passage barriers were removed.

Learn more about freshwater habitat...

Art Tells the Story 

In a partnership with the University of Washington, the Refuge and a variety of additional partners commissioned works of art to share the story of the restoration and the wildlife that utilize this freshwater haven.

Discover the Willapa Art Trail...

Partners Help Make Habitat 

Working together for wildlife, Willapa NWR and its partners share knowledge, equipment, staff and funds to benefit stream life. Uncover more about the Refuge partners that made this restoration effort possible: