Wassaw National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1969, by a Deed of Donation from The Nature Conservancy, for the purpose of creating a fish and wildlife refuge to be maintained as nearly as practicable in its natural state, and for use as an inviolate sanctuary for migratory birds.

  • Comprehensive Conservation Plan

    Refuge conservation plans are called “comprehensive conservation plans” (CCPs). The purpose of a CCP is to specify a management direction for the Refuge for the next 15 years. The goals, objectives, and strategies for improving Refuge conditions—including the types of habitat we will provide, partnership opportunities, and management actions needed to achieve desired conditions – are described in the CCP. The Service’s preferred alternative for managing the Refuge and its effects on the human environment, are described in the CCP as well.

    In June, 2011, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service announced the completion of the CCP for the Savannah Coastal Refuges Complex.

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  • National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act

    National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997: The NWRS Improvement Act defines a unifying mission for all refuges, including a process for determining compatible uses on refuges, and requiring that each refuge be managed according to a CCP. The NWRS Improvement  Act expressly states that wildlife conservation is the priority of System lands and that the Secretary shall ensure that the biological integrity, diversity, and environmental health of refuge lands are maintained. Each refuge must be managed to fulfill the specific purposes for which the refuge was established and the System mission. The first priority of each refuge is to conserve, manage, and if needed, restore fish and wildlife populations and habitats according to its purpose.

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  • Strategic Habitat Conservation

    The Right Conservation in the Right Places to Benefit America's Fish and Wildlife:  The Fish and Wildlife Service, its employees and partners over the past century have built an extraordinary legacy of conservation. The Service's leaders have committed to pursue landscape conservation through its Strategic Habitat Conservation framework - a framework pioneered by our partners at the Nature Conservancy. This framework and our strong partnerships will pave the way forward for us through the next century in our conservation work. Over time, our goal is to provide the tools needed to implement this framework focused on population objectives and take the next bold steps in our conservation work across a suite of challenging issues including the most compelling one of our time -- accelerating climate change.

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  • Landscape Consesrvation Cooperatives

    Landscape conservation cooperatives (LCCs) are conservation-science partnerships between the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), and other federal agencies, states, tribes, NGOs, universities and stakeholders within a geographically defined area. They inform resource management decisions to address landscape-scale stressors—including habitat fragmentation, genetic isolation, spread of invasive species, and water scarcity—all of which are accelerated by climate change.

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