Forested wetlands

W H 512W Forested Wetlands

Forested wetlands are dominated by deciduous trees such as cypress, tupelo, red maple, elm, oaks, and gums and the soils are generally high in minerals and contain high amounts of decomposed organic material. They serve a critical role in the watershed by reducing the risk of flooding downstream by storing floodwater and also improve water quality by filtering contaminants and sediment. This waterlogged environment sustains large communities of reptiles, amphibians, worms, snails, clams, shrimp, and crawfish. Even fish use these swamps for spawning and feeding when flooded. They also provide habitat for wading birds such as ibis and egrets, deer, wild turkey, and black bear.