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A pair of redheads swimming along the cattail edge.Many species of waterfowl can be found at the Upper Souris NWR.


Puddle Ducks      Puddle ducks usually prefer fresh, shallow marshes and rivers.  When they feed in water, they tip forward with their head under water and their tail above.  You may also see them feeding in crop fields, as they can walk well on land.  Mallards, northern pintails, gadwalls, American wigeon, northern shovelers, blue-winged teal, cinnamon teal, green-winged teal, wood duck, and the American black duck are all puddle ducks.

Learn more about blue-winged teals.
Learn more about mallards.
Learn more about northern pintails.
Diving Ducks  Diving ducks prefer larger, deeper lakes and rivers.  These ducks feed by diving under water, often for long distances.  Canvasbacks, redheads, ring-necked ducks, scaup, goldeneyes, buffleheads, ruddy ducks, red-breasted mergansers, common mergansers, and hooded mergansers are diving ducks.

Learn more about canvasbacks.
Learn more about redheads.
Learn more about lesser scaups.
Geese  Canada geese, or "honkers", have black heads and necks, and white cheeks.  Snow geese can be white or blue.  The white morph is completely white and the blue morph is dark gray-brown, except for its white head and foreneck.

Learn more about the Canada goose.
Learn more about the snow goose.
Swans      Trumpeter Swans are slowly increasing in number.  They are the largest of the two native North American swans.  The Tundra Swan, or Whistling Swan, is much smaller than the Trumpeter and is much more common.

Learn more about the trumpeter swan.
Learn more about the tundra swan.


Please refer to Ducks at a Distance for more information about waterfowl identification.
Last Updated: Mar 19, 2014
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