Habitat Types


Swanquarter Refuge is an important estuarine and wilderness resource; together with the surrounding proclamation waters it provides winter sanctuary for black ducks and canvasbacks, redheads and scaup. Additionally, it provides habitat for nesting osprey and colonial waterbirds. It also supports one of the northernmost populations of the American alligator.

  • Brackish Marsh


    The brackish marsh community is found along the margins of sounds and estuaries in areas not subjected to regular flooding by saltwater. 

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  • Mixed Pine Hardwood Forest


    Mixed Hardwood and Pine Forest is found in scattered areas throughout the refuge.

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  • High Pocosin


    The high pocosin community is associated with deep to intermediate depth organic soils, primarily in a transitional zone between low pocosin and the pond pine pocosin. 

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  • Estuarine Fringe Loblolly Pine Forest


    The Estuarine Fringe Loblolly Pine Forest features an overstory of loblolly pine and an understory that varies with fire frequency. 

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  • Non-riverine Swamp Forest


    Nonriverine Swamp Forest occurs on shallow organic soils found primarily in the flats of the refuge between streams.

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  • Pond Pine Pocosin


    Pond pine pocosin is very similar to the high shrub pocosin, but contains more pond pine, bays, and red maple.

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  • Administrative Areas


    The site of the former administrative buildings near the Bell Island Pier, the entry road and gravel spur road, the Bell Island Pier parking area, and roadsides make up the administrative areas of the refuge. 

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