Focal Species Timelines









The Refuge complex staff has developed a list of focal species through a planning process while developing a Comprehensive Conservation Plan for the complex (CCP). Focal species identified are those that the Refuge feels it is best positioned to help protect and maintain on the basis of the species’ geographic ranges and specialized habitats. Focal species serve as indicators and representatives for other species and groups that may utilize similar habitats during similar timing. These migration curves can provide insight to best view these and other similar species. 

 These timelines were created through literature research and expert opinion and do not depict actual data recorded. They are intended to be used as a model to identify the best timing to observe the species depicted as well as species with similar habits within this geographic range and habitat types. As the Refuge further develops monitoring techniques these migration curves could be improved to better represent exact numbers and timing.