Habitat Types


Sabine National Wildlife Refuge is home to several different habitat types that provide homes for the local wildlife.

  • Freshwater Impoundments


    Three rain-fed freshwater impoundments were created in 1951 and 1959 to provide habitat for numerous species of waterfowl, wading birds, shorebirds, mammals, reptiles and fish.  

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  • Coastal Marsh


    A coastal marsh is a coastal ecosystem in the upper coastal intertidal zone between land and open salt water or brackish water  that is regularly flooded by the tides. The refuge contains 91,173 acres of fresh, intermediate, and brackish marshes interspersed with low prairie ridges, man-made levees, meandering bayous, and canals.

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  • Marsh Creation, Restoration, and Mitigation


    Marsh creation is the creation of a marsh on a site that was not historically marsh.  Marsh restoration is the process of returning marshes to the landscape to replace those lost in the past.  Mitigation is all actions taken to avoid, minimize, restore, and compensate for loss of ecological values due to an activity. Avoidance and minimization of mitigation can start in the planning phase of an action by reducing the scope of the proposal in vegetated wetlands including conducting all activities in a non-wetland location.

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