Habitat

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"Without habitat, there is no wildlife.  It is that simple."

--Wildlife Habitat Canada

 

  • Bottomland Hardwoods

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    Bottomland Hardwoods are a great place for wildlife to seek shelter and find food.  Seasonal floodwaters bring large amounts of sediments  and nutrients that settle into the ground.  When the floodwaters recede, the leaf litter decays, releasing nutrients and making these nutrients available to other plants.  The vegetation in these bottomland forests has adapted to this type of seasonal flooding over time.  A large diversity of plants and animals call bottomland hardwood forests home.    

  • Agriculture Fields

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    The Refuge's primary purpose is to provide habitat for migratory birds with a specific emphasis on providing food and sanctuary for wintering waterfowl.  One methold the refuge uses to provide food is through farming.  Corn is left unharvested in the field and then flooded to provide optimum feeding conditions for wintering waterfowl.  

  • Moist Soil Impoundments

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    Lake Isom and Reelfoot National Wildlife Refuge also manages moist soil impoundments for the production of natural foods including smartweeds and wild millet.  The seasonal manipulation of water levels within these impoundments stimulates the growth of natural seed bearing plants which are important for providing a balanced nutritional diet necessary for the spring reproduction process.  An added benefit associated with these moist soil impoundments is their role in the production of tiny invertebrates which are extremely important in supporting the nutritional health of wintering waterfowl.