Bird List

Dickcissel 512x219

This bird checklist contains 281 species of birds which have been recorded on the refuge since 1969. The column on the left is provided to serve as a field checklist for recording species you observe at the refuge. Those species marked with an asterisk (*) nest or have nested on the refuge in the past.

See the most recent Bird List (March 2019) here.

Relative abundance of each species is defined by the following:

Abundance

c =CommonPresent in large numbers due to abundance of habitat
u =UncommonPresent in small numbers due to scarcity of habitat
o =OccasionalOnly a few individuals seen during season; or absent some years
r =RareSeen only once every 2-5 years
x =AccidentalFew refuge records; out of normal range

Season

Sp = SpringMarch through May
Su =SummerJune through August
F =FallSeptember through November
W =WinterDecember through February

 

ENGLISH NAMEZOOLOGICAL NAMESpSuFW
LOONS
Common LoonGavia immerx   
GREBES
Pied-billed Grebe*Podilymbus podicepscccr
Horned GrebePodiceps auritusoro 
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricolliscoc 
Western Grebe*Aechmophorus occidentalscoc 
PELICANS
American White Pelican*Pelecanus erythrorhynchosccc 
Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalisx   
CORMORANTS
Double-crested Cormorant*Phalacrocorax auritusccc 
HERONS and BITTERNS
American Bittern*Botaurus lentiginosusccc 
Least BitternIxobrychus exilisrrr 
Great Blue Heron*Ardea herodiasccco
Great EgretArdea albaoor 
Snowy EgretEgretta thularrr 
Little Blue HeronEgretta caerulearr  
Cattle Egret*Bubulcus ibisccr 
Green HeronButorides virescensoor 
Black-crowned Night-Heron*Nycticorax nycticoraxcccx
Yellow-crowned Night-HeronNyctanassa violaceusrr  
IBISES and STORKS
White IbisEudocimus albus x  
White-faced Ibis*Plegadis chihir r 
NEW WORLD VULTURES
Turkey VultureCathartes aurauou 
DUCKS, GEESE, and SWANS
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsc cr
Snow GooseChen caerulescenscrco
Ross' GooseChen rossiio or
Canada Goose*Branta canadensiscccc
BrantBranta berniclax   
Trumpeter Swan*Cygnus buccinatorcucc
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianuso oo
Wood Duck*Aix sponsacocr
Gadwall*Anas streperacucr
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelope x  
American Wigeon*Anas americanacocr
American Black DuckAnas rubripesr rr
Mallard*Anas platyrhynchoscccc
Blue-winged Teal*Anas discorsccc 
Cinnamon TealAnas cyanopteraorr 
Northern Shoveler*Anas clypeatacucr
Northern Pintail*Anas acutacucr
Green-winged Teal*Anas creccacuco
Canvasback*Aythya valisineriacoco
Redhead*Aythya americanacocr
Ring-necked DuckAythya collarisc co
Greater ScaupAythya marila  x 
Lesser ScaupAythya affiniscoco
White-winged ScoterMelanitta fusca  r 
BuffleheadBucephala albeolacoco
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangulac cu
Barrow's GoldeneyeBucephala islandica  x 
Hooded MerganserMergus merganseruour
Common MerganserMergus merganseru uu
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorr   
Ruddy Duck*Oxyura jamaicensiscocr
HAWKS, KITES, and EAGLES
OspreyPandion haliaetuso or
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephaluscrcc
Northern Harrier*Circus cyaneuscccu
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatusu uo
Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperiiu uo
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentiliso oo
Red-shouldered HawkButeo lineatusr  x
Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterusrrr 
Swainson's Hawk*Buteo swainsonicuc 
Red-tailed Hawk*Buteo jamaicensiscuco
Ferruginous HawkButeo regalisorou
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopuscrcc
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetosouuo
FALCONS
Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriway   x
American Kestrel*Falco spawveriuscccu
MerlinFalco columbariusuruo
GyrfalconFalco rusticolus x r
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinusoouu
Prairie FalconFalco mexicanusuuuu
PHEASANTS, GROUSE, TURKEY, and QUAILS
Gray PartridgePerdix perdixrrrr
Ring-necked Pheasant*Phasianus colchicuscccc
Sharp-tailed Grouse*Tympanuchus cupidocccc
Wild Turkey*Meleagris gallopavocccu
Northern BobwhiteColinus virginianusrrrr
RAILS, GALLINULES, and COOTS
Yellow RailCoturnicops noveboracensisrr  
Virginia Rail*Rallus limicolaccc 
SoraPorzana carolinaccc 
American CootFulica americanacccr
CRANES
Sandhill CraneGrus canadensisrr  
Whooping CraneGrus americanar r 
PLOVERS
Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarolauou 
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominicar   
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatusror 
Piping PloverCharadrius melodusrr  
Killdeer*Charadrius vociferusccco
Mountain PloverCharadrius montanus  x 
STILTS and AVOCETS
Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanusr   
American AvocetRecurvirostra americanaccc 
SANDPIPERS and PHALAROPES
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleucaccc 
Lesser Yellowlegs*Tringa flavipesccc 
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitariaccc 
Willet*Catoptrophorus semipalmatusccc 
Spotted Sandpiper*Actitis maculariaccc 
Upland Sandpiper*Bartramia longicaudacc  
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopusrr  
Long-billed Curlew*Numenius americanuscuo 
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemasticaoo  
Marbled Godwit*Limosa fedoaccu 
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpresrrr 
SanderlingCalidris albarr  
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillauuo 
Western SandpiperCalidris mauriouo 
Least SandpiperCalidris minutillaucu 
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisrr  
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdiiuuo 
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos ou 
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopusuco 
RuffPhilomachus pugnaxx   
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseusoo  
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceuscccr
Common Snipe*Gallinago gallinagoccco
Wilson's Phalarope*Phalaropus tricolorccu 
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusoo  
JAEGERS     
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius parasiticus  x 
GULLS and TERNS
Franklin's GullLarus pipixcancuu 
Bonaparte's GullLarus philadelphiar rr
Ring-billed Gull*Larus delawarensisccco
California GullLarus delawarensis  x 
Herring GullLarus argentatuso or
Glaucous-winged GullLarus glaucescensx   
Sabine's GullXema sabini  x 
Caspian TernSterna caspia  x 
Common TernSterna caspiaoo  
Forster's Tern*Sterna forstericcc 
Black Tern*Chlidonias nigercco 
DOVES
Rock DoveColumbia liviarorr
Mourning Dove*Zenaida macrouraccco
CUCKOOS
Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmus o  
Yellow-billed Cuckoo*Coccyzus americanus u  
OWLS
Barn Owl*Tyto albaoooo
Eastern Screech-OwlOtus asiooooo
Great Horned Owl*Bubo virginianuscccc
Snowy OwlNyctea scandiacao ro
Burrowing Owl*Athene cuniculariaccc 
Long-eared OwlAsio otusoooo
Short-eared Owl*Asio flammeuscucu
Northern Saw-whet OwlAegolius acadicus   x
GOATSUCKERS
Common Nighthawk*Chordeiles minoruuo 
HUMMINGBIRDS
Ruby-throated HummingbirdArchilochus colubris rr 
Rufous HummingbirdArchilochus colubris x  
KINGFISHERS
Belted Kingfisher*Ceryle alcyonccco
WOODPECKERS and ALLIES
Red-headed Woodpecker*Melanerpes erythrocephalusuou 
Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus varius  r 
Downy Woodpecker*Picoides pubescenscccc
Hairy WoodpeckerPicoides villosuscccc
Northern Flicker*Colaptes auratuscccu
TYRANT FLYCATCHERS
Westerm Wood-PeweeContopus sordidulusou  
Eastern Wood-PeweeContopus virens  x 
Willow Flycatcher*Empidonax trailliicco 
Least Flycatcher*Empidonax minimusuu  
Eastern PhoebeSayornis phoebeooo 
Say's PhoebeSayornis sayaoo  
Great Crested Flycatcher*Myiarchus crinitusuuo 
Cassin's KingbirdTyrannus vociferansx   
Western Kingbird*Tyrannus verticaliscc  
Eastern Kingbird*Tyrannus tyrannuscco 
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher*Tyrannus forficatus x  
SHRIKES
Loggerhead Shrike*Lanius ludovicianuscccr
Northern ShrikeLauius excubitoru uc
VIREOS
Bell's Vireo*Vireo belliiuu  
Yellow-throated VireoVireo flavifronsx   
Plumbeous VireoVireo plumbeusx   
Blue-headed VireoVireo solitarius x  
Warbling VireoVireo gilvuscu  
Philadelphia VireoVireo philadelphicus x  
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceuscoo 
JAYS, CROWS, and MAGPIES
Blue Jay*Cyanocitta cristatauoo 
Pinyon JayGymnorhinus cyanocephalis   x
Black-billed Magpie*Pica hudsoniaoroo
American CrowCorvus brachyrhynchoscoco
Common RavenCorvus brachyrhynchosx x 
LARKS
Horned Lark*Eremophila alpestriscccc
SWALLOWS
Purple MartinProgne subisoo  
Tree Swallow*Tachycineta bicoloroo  
Violet-green Swallow*Tachycineta thalassinar   
Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripenniscu  
Bank SwallowRiparia ripariacur 
Cliff Swallow*Petrochelidon pyrrhonotacco 
Barn Swallow*Hirundo rusticaccc 
CHICKADEES and TITMICE
Black-capped ChickadeePoecile atricapilluscucc
NUTHATCHES
Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensisoroo
White-breasted NuthatchSitta carolinensiso o 
CREEPERS
Brown CreeperCerthia americanaoror
WRENS
Rock WrenSalpinctes obsoletusr   
House Wren*Troglodytes aedonccc 
Sedge Wren*Cistothorus platensisrr  
Marsh Wren*Cistothorus palustriscccr
KINGLETS and GNATCATCHERS
Golden-crowned KingletRegulus satrapa  o 
Ruby-crowned KingletRegulus calendulao   
THRUSHES
Eastern BluebirdSialia sialisoo  
Mountain BluebirdSialia currucoideso o 
Townsend's SolitaireMyadestes townsendiu ur
VeeryCatharus fuscescensoo  
Gray-cheeked ThrushCatharus minimuso   
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatusuru 
Hermit ThrushCatharus guttatusr r 
American Robin*Turdus migratoriuscccu
MIMIC THRUSHES
Gray Catbird*Dumetella carolinensisuru 
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottosr   
Brown Thrasher*Toxostoma rufumcccr
Curve-billed ThrasherToxostoma rufumx   
STARLINGS
European Starling*Sturnus vulgarisuuuo
PIPITS
American PipitAnthus rubescensu u 
Sprague's PipitAnthus spragueiir r 
WAXWINGS
Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulusr   
Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorumuou 
WOOD WARBLERS
Tennessee WarblerVermivora peregrinar   
Orange-crowned WarblerVermivora celatac c 
Virginia's WarblerVermivora virginiaex   
Northern ParulaParula americanar   
Yellow Warbler*Dendroica petechiaccu 
Chestnut-sided WarblerDendroica pensylvanicar   
Magnolia WarblerDendroica magnoliao  x
Yellow-rumped WarblerDendroica coronatac c 
Black-throated Green WarblerDendroica virensx   
Townsend's WarblerDendroica townsendi  x 
Palm WarblerDendroica palmarumr   
Blackpoll WarblerDendroica striataur  
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta variauou 
American RedstartSetophaga ruticillauro 
OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapillusr r 
Northern WaterthrushSeiurus noveboracensiso   
MacGillivray's WarblerOporornis tolmieix   
Common Yellowthroat*Geothlypis trichasucu 
Hooded WarblerWilsonia citrinax   
Wilson's WarblerWilsonia pusillac c 
Yellow-breasted Chat*Icteria virensuoo 
TANAGERS
Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivacear r 
Western TanagerPiranga ludovicianax   
SPARROWS and TOWHEES
Eastern TowheePipilo erythrophthalmuscrc 
American Tree SparrowSpizella arboreacucc
Chipping SparrowSpizella passerinacuc 
Clay-colored SparrowSpizella pallidac c 
Field SparrowSpizella pusillauru 
Vesper Sparrow*Pooecetes gramineusc c 
Lark Sparrow*Chondestes grammacusuo  
Lark Bunting*Calamospiza melanocorysccc 
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensisooc 
Grasshopper Sparrow*Ammodramus savannarumccc 
Le Conte's SparrowAmmodramus leconteiir r 
Nelson's Sharp-tailed SparrowAmmodramus nelsoni  x 
Fox SparrowPasserelia iliaca  r 
Song Sparrow*Melospiza melodiac co
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolniic c 
Swamp Sparrow*Melospiza georgianaccc 
White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollisc c 
Harris' SparrowZonotrichia querulac c 
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrysu u 
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalisc cu
McCown's LongspurCalcarius mccowniir   
Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicusu uc
Chestnut-collared LongspurCalcarius ornatusuru 
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalis  oo
CARDINALS, GROSBEAKS, and ALLIES
Northern CardinalCardinalis cardinalisr   
Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianusoo  
Black-headed GrosbeakPheucticus melanocephalusuu  
Blue GrosbeakGuiraca caeruleauo  
Lazuli BuntingPasserina amoenao   
Indigo Bunting*Passerina cyaneao r 
Dickcissel*Spiza americanaouo 
BLACKBIRDS and ORIOLES
Bobolink*Dolichonyx oryzivorusuuo 
Red-winged Blackbird*Agelaius phoeniceuscccu
Eastern Meadowlark*Stumella magnaccc 
Western Meadowlark*Stumella neglectaccco
Yellow-headed Blackbird*Xanthocephalus xanthocephaluscccr
Rusty BlackbirdEuphagus carolinus   r
Brewer's Blackbird*Euphagus cyanocephaluso o 
Common Grackle*Quiscalus quisculaccco
Brown-headed Cowbird*Molothrus aterccu 
Orchard Oriole*Icterus spuriusuc  
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbulauu  
FINCHES
Black-Rosy FinchLeucosticte atrata  r 
Purple FinchCarpodacus purpureus  uu
Common RedpollCarduelis flammea   o
Pine SiskinCarduelis pinuso oo
American Goldfinch*Carduelis tristiscccu
Evening GrosbeakCoccothraustes vespertinusr  r
OLD WORLD SPARROW
House Sparrow*Passer domesticusccco
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