Skip Navigation


Jack Pine Cones Opened by Fire

Jack pine cones are held closed by a resin which prevents them from drying out and opening releasing their seeds at an inopportune time.  Therefore, fire or high summer temperatures are needed to melt the resin allowing the cones to open and seeds to release.  These cones opened after a fire passed through.  

  • Permits

    Special Use Permits are needed for after-hours access, access to the property during the Kirtland’s warbler breeding season, or uses not expressly permitted. Please address these Special Use Permit questions the Deputy Refuge Manager.

    Colleges and Universities: For those wishing to conduct any research, inventory, or monitoring on the management area please address Special Use Permit questions and applications to the Wildlife Biologist.

    Download the Special Use Permit Application.  


Page Photo Credits — Jack Pine Cones Opened by Fire - Dan Elbert/USFWS
Last Updated: Feb 20, 2013
Return to main navigation