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Amphibians

Pacific tree frogs are commonly heard, but not often seen/Photo Courtesy of Dr. Madeline Kalbach

The abundance of freshwater wetlands, ponds and streams, moist soil and dead trees on the refuge is a haven for amphibians. Julia Butler Hansen Refuge is home to a variety of salamanders and frogs.

  • Ensatina

    The ensatina has large eyes that help it hunt in dark borrows and inside soft logs/Photo Courtesy of Jackson D Shedd

    The large, dark eyes of the ensatina help it to hunt in burrows, dead logs and debris piles.

    Find out why this salamander bears a name that mean "sword that is small"...

  • Long-toed Salamander

    Long-toed salamanders are abundant on the Refuge/Photo Courtesy of Dr. Madeline Kalbach

    This versatile amphibian is one of the Spring's earliest breeders.

    Uncover more about this common Refuge salamander...

  • Northwestern Salamander

    The toothless grin of the northwestern salamander is indicative of the amphibian family/Photo Courtesy of Jackson D Shedd

    These large, plain-looking salamanders are forest dwellers, hunting underground, inside soft logs or brush piles.

    Learn more about the northwestern salamander's poison glands...

  • Pacific Treefrog

    The Pacific treefrog has a distinctive stripe from its nose to its shoulder/Photo Courtesy of Jackson D Shedd

    Small and noisy, the Pacific treefrog is commonly heard throughout the refuge.

    Discover how to recognize the distinctive calls and songs of this frog...

  • Red-legged Frog

    The red-legged frog is a common site in wet refuge forests/Photo Courtesy of Jackson D Shedd

    Commonly found in wet forests, this large frog varies in color but always has reddish legs.

    Uncover more about how the refuge is helping this frog to thrive..

  • Western Red-backed Salamander

    Not often seen, the western red-backed salamander breeds on land/Photo Courtesy of Dr. Madeline Kalbach

    Small and slender, the Western red-backed salamander lives entirely in the forest. Unlike its name, these salamanders can be a range of colors from yellow to red.

    Find out how to identify this salamander...

  • American Bullfrog

    The American bullfrog has invaded many of the warmer refuge wetlands and ponds/Photo Courtesy of Suzy Whittey

    A non-native invader, the American bullfrog has a big appetite to match its large size. With few predators to keep the population in balance, the bullfrog has gobbled-up native amphibians with ease. Bullfrogs breed in Refuge ditches and sloughs, but not in managed seasonal wetlands, and their tadpoles take two years to mature into frogs. Managed wetlands are dry by late summer, leaving bullfrog tadpoles high and dry.

Page Photo Credits — Pacific tree frog - ©Dr. Madeline Kalbach, Ensatina - ©Jackson D Shedd, Long-toed salamander - ©Dr. Madeline Kalbach, Northwestern salamander - ©Jackson D Shedd, Red-legged frog - ©Jackson D Shedd, Pacific tree frog - ©Jackson D Shedd, Western redback salamander - ©Dr. Madeline Kalbach, American bullfrog - © Suzy Whittey
Last Updated: May 02, 2014
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