Management strategies vary depending upon the habitat type, but the main goal for all habitats is to restore native prairie and to create temporally and spatially dynamic habitat conditions that will attract most breeding bird species and other vertebrate fauna characteristic of the mid-1800s era.
One strategy to restore native vegetation throughout the refuge includes using a combination of grazing and prescribed fire. An ideal management sequence over 5 years might be BGGGR, where B = burn, G = graze, and R = rest. Grazing is primarily used during May through August or September, via a rotation approach with many relatively small grazing cells per unit and short grazing periods per cell. Stocking rates are adjusted to facilitate regrazing of individual smooth brome plants at least once within a grazing period and livestock are moved to the next cell before native plants are regrazed.
Local cooperators are given permits to graze Refuge units. If you would like more information about our grazing program or are interested in becoming a cooperator, please contact us.
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25 species of ducks use the Refuge habitat, including 4 species that are rare visitors and 16 species that breed here.