Acacia koa is an important species for several reason, providing habitat as well as food for native birds, insects, and plants.
The most common and widespread large tree of Hawaii's wet forests. The red-flower form is the official county flower of the Island of Hawaii.
Phyllostegia racemosa, or kīponapona, is an
endangered climbing vine with square stems. It was historically found near
Mauna Kea in the Hakalau and Saddle Road areas.
Several species within the Cyanea genus are
referred to by the Hawaiian name hāhā. Endemic to the Hawaiian islands, Cyanea
consists of 11 species and 5 subspecies on Hawai’i island.
pyrularia is an endangered lobeliad that reaches a height of
9.8-13 ft. The species name is derived from pyrus (pear) because of
its orange, pear-shaped berries.
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The rare and endangered ‘akiapōlā‘au occurs in only a few areas of upper elevation koa/‘ōhi‘a forest on the Big Island. The ‘akiapōlā‘au feeds on insects and caterpillars living in the wood and under the bark of koa trees. Its bill is one of the most unusual in the honeycreeper family.