Biological Surveys

Biological Surveys 1

Several types of surveys are undertaken throughout the year.  These help us to understand population sizes, trends, changes over time, or simply provide us a baseline of information. 


Waterfowl Surveys 

Refuge-wide estimates of waterfowl (geese, ducks, etc.) are conducted from September through March.  These surveys are conducted bi-weekly in coordination with the Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks, and Tourism.  Counts of white pelicans and bald eagles are usually included on these surveys. Refuge staff also documents wildlife use during the Midwinter Goose Survey and the Wintering Bald Eagle Survey.  Refuge staff uses waterfowl surveys to gauge the effectiveness of restoration efforts and management programs. 


Survey 1

Shorebird Surveys 

Refuge-wide surveys of shorebirds are conducted from March through mid May, and again from late July through October.   During spring migration, shorebirds use moist soil units that are slowly being dewatered.  In summer/fall migration, shorebirds most commonly use the shallow mudflats of the John Redmond Reservoir.  Depending on water conditions, shorebirds can occur throughout the Refuge. 

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Deer Survey

Deer Surveys are completed annually by spotlighting during the evening hours during the Fall.  Distance sampling is used to create deer density estimates for the Refuge, which can then be compared to state averages.  This information helps managers to monitor populations and to determine the effects of hunting regulations, as they vary across the Refuge.   


Deer, WT buck staff 448(1) 

Management Effectiveness Monitoring

Refuge staff monitors our management actions in forests, and wetlands. This information helps us to measure the effectiveness of our management and provides guidance for future improvement.  


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