Skip Navigation


Harbor Seals

Refuge conservation plans are called “comprehensive conservation plans” (CCPs). The purpose of a CCP is to specify a management direction for the Refuge for the next 15 years. The goals, objectives, and strategies for improving Refuge conditions—including the types of habitat we will provide, partnership opportunities, and management actions needed to achieve desired conditions – are described in the CCP. The Service’s preferred alternative for managing the Refuge and its effects on the human environment, are described in the CCP as well.

Read the CCP for Don Edwards NWR. 

The Don Edwards San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge was established with three major purposes.  The most important of these is the preservation of the natural resources of the South Bay which includes, but not limited to, habitat of migratory birds, harbor seals, and threatened and endangered species.  The second major purpose is to provide environmental education and wildlife interpretation opportunities to Bay Area schools and residents.  The third purpose is to ensure the preservation of open space and wildlife-oriented recreation for the benefit of local residents and visitors.  

Several conservation and restoration plans already in place help guide the conservation priorities of the refuge.  These plans are Southern Pacific Shorebird Conservation Plan; San Francisco Bay Joint Venture; Tidal Marsh Recovery Plan; 2008-2012 National Invasive Species Management Plan; Baylands Ecosystem Habitat Goals Project; Uplands Habitat Goals Project; and Subtidal Habitat Goals Project

National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997 defines a unifying mission for all refuges, including a process for determining compatible uses on refuges, and requiring that each refuge be managed according to a CCP. The NWRS Improvement Act expressly states that wildlife conservation is the priority of System lands and that the Secretary shall ensure that the biological integrity, diversity, and environmental health of refuge lands are maintained. Each refuge must be managed to fulfill the specific purposes for which the refuge was established and the System mission. The first priority of each refuge is to conserve, manage, and if needed, restore fish and wildlife populations and habitats according to its purpose.



Page Photo Credits — Harbor Seals/Aric Crabb
Last Updated: Dec 16, 2013
Return to main navigation