Hooded Warbler


Wilsonia citrina

Hooded warblers are occasionally on the Currituck National Wildlife Refuge in the fall. It does nest on the refuge, but it is not common to find it in the spring and summer during nesting season. They spend the winter in Central America and the West Indies. They are found in forested wetlands with shrubby understory throughout the eastern and south-central United States. They glean insects from the leaves of plants.


Their nests are grass-lined with dead leaves and plant fibers, placed in small trees or shrubs, usually less than 10 feet from the ground. They lay 3 or 4 creamy white brown-spotted eggs. The hatchlings are helpless and have some gray down.


Hooded warblers are small songbirds with yellow faces and underparts, olive green backs, and large white spots on their tails. The males have black hoods and bibs. They are 5 ½ inches long and weigh 1/3 of an ounce.


Prairie warblers are common throughout their range and are increasing in population as wetland forests mature. In North Carolina their population is declining where development is occurring.