Habitat Types

  • Maritime Shrub

    Similar to the low pocosin habitat also found on the refuge, the maritime shrub habitat represents the transition zone between brackish marsh and higher, well-drained ridges of longleaf/pond pine. 

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  • Marsh

    The majority of marsh at Cedar Island Refuge is brackish marsh with varying levels of salinity in the surface and groundwater.

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  • Cypress Gum Swamp

    Cypress gum swamps provide important habitat for charismatic birds such as the prothonotary and yellow-throated warblers.

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  • Bay Forest

    Bay Forest is characterized by shallow to deep organic soils with intermediate to long hydroperiods.

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  • Low Pocosin

    Sometimes called shrub pocosin, the low pocosin habitat relies on regular fires to keep vegetation low and therefore prevent it from becoming a high pocosin.

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  • Pond Pine Woodlands

    Pond pine woodlands have a pond pine overstory with different shrubs and switchcane comprising the understory. This habitat occurs on shallow soils between 16-51 inches deep and in older stands the trees can reach up to 40 feet tall.

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  • Longleaf Pine/Coastal Fringe Sandhill

    This habitat occurs on sandy, well-drained soils and is found only on the northeast and southwest portions of Cedar Island National Wildlife Refuge.

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