Bay Forest


This habitat type is characterized by shallow to deep organic soils, intermediate to long hydroperiods, and a canopy dominated by combinations of red maple, loblolly bay, sweet bay, red bay, black gum, and occasionally pond pine or loblolly pine. The understory consists of bitter gall berry, fetterbush, greenbrier and chain-fern. It’s believed these areas are remnant ridge and swale zones. The presence of fire in this habitat type has been absent for many years. The refuge has about 100 acres of this habitat type. Though small in acreage, this habitat type adds diversity to the refuge.