Wildlife & Habitat

caribou cow on tundra (USFWS)

Arctic Refuge is home to some of the most diverse and spectacular wildlife in the arctic. The Refuge's rich pageant of wildlife includes 42 fish species, 37 land mammals, eight marine mammals, and more than 200 migratory and resident bird species.

  • Mammals

    least weasel

    Mammals range in size from a tiny shrew almost as small as a bumblebee, up to an 800-pound moose.

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  • Birds

    Lapland Longspur

    Birds fly from the Refuge to/from all 50 states and many continents.

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  • Fish, Insects, etc.

    dolly varden

    A wide range of freshwater and marine fish, numerous insects, and other critters make their home in the Refuge.

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  • Wild Lands

    Lake and creek in mountains

    The Refuge contains arctic and sub-arctic landscapes that are home to plants adapted to short, intense growing seasons and long, cold winters.

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