Facts and Features


The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge covers approximately 19.64 million acres of land and water in northeastern Alaska. It is administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service as a unit of the National Wildlife Refuge System.

Refuge Economic Benefits:

Refuge visitors contribute to Alaska’s economy

Refuge Establishment and Expansion: Legislation and Purposes:

Overview of Refuge Purposes

Public Land Order 2214 establishing the Refuge

Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA) (410 kb PDF file)

1987 Coastal Plain Resource Assessment and LEIS (27 meg PDF file)

Arctic Refuge's 1988 Comprehensive Conservation Plan and EIS (51 meg PDF file)

Refuge Features:

A Sense of the Refuge booklet (1.1 meg pdf file)

Arctic Refuge brochure text (web text updated from 2002 printing)

Refuge features

A journey through the Refuge

Adjacent Lands

Four Congressionally Designated Management Areas:

management map

1980s additions to Refuge

Wilderness Area

Wild Rivers

1002 Area

Refuge History:

"Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: The First 50, A Historic Symposium"

Arctic Refuge and the Wilderness Act - There's a connection

Caribou Fences: People of the Caribou

Time Line - Establishment and management of the Refuge

Legacy of Conservation

Three names in one year?

Partial list of historic writings