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Wilderness is the land that was - wild land beyond the frontier...land that shaped the growth of our nation and the character of its people. Wilderness is the land that is - rare, wild places where one can retreat from civilization, reconnect with the Earth, and find healing, meaning and significance.

In 1964, our nation’s leaders formally acknowledged the immediate and lasting benefits of wild places to the human spirit and fabric of our nation by enacting landmark legislation that permanently protected some of the most natural and undisturbed places in America. The Wilderness Act established the National Wilderness Preservation System to “…secure for the American people of present and future generations the benefits of an enduring resource of wilderness.” The Act describes wilderness as:

"…lands designated for preservation and protection in their natural condition…”

“…an area where the earth and its community of life are untrammeled by man…”

“…an area of undeveloped Federal land retaining its primeval character and influence, without permanent improvement or human habitation…”

“…generally appears to have been affected primarily by the forces of nature, with the imprint of man’s work substantially unnoticeable…”

“…has outstanding opportunities for solitude or a primitive and unconfined type of recreation…”

“…shall be devoted to the public purposes of recreational, scenic, scientific, educational, conservation, and historic use.”

The United States Congress designated the entire Wolf Island NWR a National Wilderness Area in 1975. The refuge's resource values are maintained by natural processes, and the refuge is monitored to ensure that these values are not compromised. Law enforcement, education, and interpretation are the primary management tools used to relay these values.

To learn more about America’s Wilderness Areas visit: http://www.wilderness.net