Resource Management


To help plants and wildlife, refuge staff uses a variety of habitat management techniques to maintain, recover or enhance plant and wildlife values.

As a designated National Wilderness Area, Wolf Island NWR is maintained as such with its primary purpose being to provide protection for migratory birds and threatened and endangered species, such as the loggerhead sea turtle, piping plover, and red knot. The refuge's resource values are maintained by primarily natural processes versus the more direct mechanical habitat management commonly practiced at other refuges. The following are management goals identified in the refuge's Comprehensive Conservation Plan (CCP):

Maintain healthy and diverse populations of native fish and wildlife with a focus on threatened and endangered species and species of concern. This is primarily done through inventorying and monitoring efforts by staff, volunteers, and partners.

Manage, protect, enhance, and, as needed, restore a structurally diverse coastal island habitat. This, again, primarily consists of monitoring for issues like the presence of invasive species, beach erosion, and the effects of sea level rise.

Work with private landowners, agencies, and other partners to restore eroded beach habitat, provide law enforcement, protect cultural resources, and continue to protect wildlife and habitat using a variety of land protection efforts including easements and acquisitions.