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Wildlife & Habitat

Bald eagles flock to Willapa National Wildlife Refuge where there is plenty to eat/ Photo Courtesy of Rollin Bannow

Unique among National Wildlife Refuges, Willapa encompasses a broad diversity of habitats. Hundreds of plant and animal species use habitat protected by this refuge, including a number of endangered species.

  • Birds

    Western gulls are common at Willapa National Wildlife Refuge/ Photo Courtesy of Rollin Bannow

    Feathered flocks of all kinds gather at the refuge. Over 200 species of birds rest, nest and feed on the shorelines, mudflats, dunes and forests.

    Learn more about refuge birds…

  • Mammals

    Raccoons are common at Willapa National Wildlife Refuge/ Photo Courtesy of Dr. Madeline Kalbach

    Big and small, the refuge is home to a diverse array of furred creatures.

    Find out who lives here…

  • Amphibians & Reptiles

    Salamanders abound at Willapa National Wildlife Refuge/ Photo Courtesy of Jackson D Shedd

    The lush forests and cool streams of Willapa National Wildlife Refuge support one of the highest diversity of amphibian life in the northwest. Only two reptiles live here. 

    Uncover the diversity of Willapa's amphibians and reptiles...

  • Fish

    Spawning chum salmon return to Willapa National Wildlife Refuge streams/ USFWS Photo

    The Willapa Bay estuary and surrounding streams are home to salmon, sturgeon and sharks.  

    Learn more about refuge fish...

  • Invertebrates

    Oregon silverspot butterflies have been extirpated from Washington State/ Photo Courtesy of Mike Patterson

    The range of refuge life without a backbone is vast. From butterflies to tiger beetles, slugs and spiders, discover the diversity of invertebrates…

  • Endangered Species

    Western snowy plovers are listed as threatened through the Endangered Species Act/ USFWS Photo

    As habitats change and external pressures mount, plant and animal populations can fall well below a sustainable number. Willapa National Wildlife Refuge is home to handful of threatened and endangered species. Find out which species…

  • Habitats

    Bird's nest fungus is found in coastal forests/ Photo Courtesy of Rollin Bannow

    Habitat is home. Food, water, shelter and space are all essential ingredient to habitat. The amount and type of light, air, water and soil determine a habitat type.

    Explore what makes this refuge home to broad diversity of plants and animals…


Page Photo Credits — Bald eagle eating - USFWS, Western gull - ©Rollin Bannow, Northern raccoon - ©Dr Madeline Kalbach, Pacific giant salamander - ©Jackson D Shedd, Spawning chum salmon - USFWS, Oregon silverspot butterfly - ©Mike Patterson, Western snowy plover - USFWS, Bird nest fungus - © Rollin Bannow
Last Updated: Dec 06, 2013
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