Wildlife & Habitat

Bald eagles flock to Willapa National Wildlife Refuge where there is plenty to eat/ Photo Courtesy of Rollin Bannow

Unique among National Wildlife Refuges, Willapa encompasses a broad diversity of habitats. Hundreds of plant and animal species use habitat protected by this refuge, including a number of endangered species.

  • Birds

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    Feathered flocks of all kinds gather at the refuge. Over 200 species of birds rest, nest and feed on the shorelines, mudflats, dunes and forests.

    Learn more about refuge birds…

  • Mammals

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    Big and small, the refuge is home to a diverse array of furred creatures.

    Find out who lives here…

  • Amphibians & Reptiles

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    The lush forests and cool streams of Willapa National Wildlife Refuge support one of the highest diversity of amphibian life in the northwest. Only two reptiles live here.

    Uncover the diversity of Willapa's amphibians and reptiles...

  • Fish

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    The Willapa Bay estuary and surrounding streams are home to salmon, sturgeon and sharks.

    Learn more
    about refuge fish...

  • Invertebrates

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    The range of refuge life without a backbone is vast. From butterflies to tiger beetles, slugs and spiders, discover the diversity of invertebrates…

  • Endangered Species

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    As habitats change and external pressures mount, plant and animal populations can fall well below a sustainable number. Willapa National Wildlife Refuge is home to handful of threatened and endangered species. Find out which species…

  • Habitats

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    Habitat is home. Food, water, shelter and space are all essential ingredient to habitat. The amount and type of light, air, water and soil determine a habitat type.

    Explore what makes this refuge home to broad diversity of plants and animals…