A refuge biologist collects rare plant seeds as part of a native dune vegetation restoration effort at Willapa NWR/USFWS Photo

"The expansive new challenges we face from environmental stressors such as climate change and increasing fragmentation of wildlife habitats demand that we take an adaptive, broad, landscape approach to our conservation actions." - Conserving the Future, Wildlife Refuges and the Next Generation, 2011

  • Comprehensive Conservation Plan

    Willapa National Wildlife Refuge's Comprehensive Conservation Plan was approved in 2011.

    Refuge conservation plans are called “comprehensive conservation plans” (CCPs). The purpose of a CCP is to specify a management direction for the Refuge for the next 15 years. The goals, objectives, and strategies for improving Refuge conditions—including the types of habitat we will provide, partnership opportunities, and management actions needed to achieve desired conditions – are described in the CCP.

    Learn more about the planning process...

    Explore Willapa National Wildlife Refuge's Comprehensive Conservation Plan...

  • National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act

    A biologist examines salmon fry from a refuge stream/USFWS photo

    National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997: The NWRS Improvement Act defines a unifying mission for all refuges, including a process for determining compatible uses on refuges, and requiring that each refuge be managed according to a CCP. The NWRS Improvement  Act expressly states that wildlife conservation is the priority of System lands and that the Secretary shall ensure that the biological integrity, diversity, and environmental health of refuge lands are maintained. Each refuge must be managed to fulfill the specific purposes for which the refuge was established and the System mission. The first priority of each refuge is to conserve, manage, and if needed, restore fish and wildlife populations and habitats according to its purpose.

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  • Compatibility Determinations

    Compatibility Determinations evaluate refuge uses to ensure that recreational and other uses do not interfere with wildlife conservation, the primary focus of refuges.


  • Comments & Questions

    Direct comments and questions about refuge conservation actions to:

    Project Leader
    Willapa NWRC
    3888 SR 101
    Ilwaco, WA 98642
    Phone: (360) 484-3482