Wildlife and Habitat

Vixen Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes) Hdr Pic

Come enjoy the variety of beauty you will find at Waccamaw National Wildlife Refuge.  The wildlife and habitat are amazing to see. The above photo is one of the wildlife siteings you may encounter. The Vixen Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes) is a wonder to behold.

  • Red-cockaded woodpeckers

    W H 150W Red cockaded Woodpecker Picoides borealis

    Red-cockaded woodpeckers (Picoides borealis), or RCWs, are one of the most important species found on the Refuge. One of only two woodpecker species protected by the Endangered Species Act, the Refuge’s main populations of RCWs reside on the northern part of Sandy Island.

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  • Swallow-tailed kites

    W H 150W Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus

    Swallow-tailed kites (Elanoides forficatus) are one of the Refuge’s most prized animals. Listed as endangered in South Carolina, these large raptors migrate all the way from South America to spend the spring and summer nesting and raising young on the Refuge.

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  • Black bears

    W H 150W Black Bear Ursus americanus

    The Refuge supports one of two populations of black bears (Ursus americanus) in South Carolina, one in the mountainous region bordering North Carolina and one in the coastal plain where the Refuge is located. Loss of habitat through logging and development has led to black bears being ranked as “vulnerable” in South Carolina.

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  • Freshwater tidal marshes

    W H 150W Freshwater Tidal Marshes

    Approximately 6,514 acres of the Refuge are freshwater tidal marshes. This type of marsh is a globally rare habitat and considered one of the most biologically productive ecosystems in the world. They contain high plant diversity, and support more avian diversity than any other wetland type in the Southeastern United States.

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  • Forested wetlands

    W H 150W Forested Wetlands

    The most abundant habitat found on Waccamaw National Wildlife Refuge is forested wetlands. They are found along the rivers and streams that meander through the Refuge and are seasonally flooded when rivers overflow their banks.

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  • Longleaf pine forests

    W H 150W Longleaf Pine Forests

    Longleaf pine forests are found on several portions of the Refuge including Sandy Island and the Cox Ferry Lake Recreation Area.

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