Lost Lake

Many research studies have been and continue to be done on the Refuge. Research provides valuable information for managing wildlife and habitats. Pictured above is Lost Lake, and if you have been there, you know how it got its name.

Information for Researchers

A special use permit is required to conduct research or monitoring on the Refuge. Researchers will need to provide us with a written proposal for evaluation. Contact the Refuge Manager at 402-376-1889 for a special use permit application and further information. At the conclusion of a project, the Refuge will require copies of published papers or research reports. 

Published Papers and Reports

Following is a list of research that has been conducted at Valentine National Wildlife Refuge. If you know of work we have missed e-mail us at Research is listed alphabetically by author and broken into three categories: peer-reviewed papers, theses/dissertations, and miscellaneous reports. 

For many years refuge staff have written annual narratives describing the activities that took place on the Refuge. The narratives are the best history of what has been done over the years for habitat, wildlife, and visitor services. The 2003 through 2012 Narratives are available at this time. Narratives previous to 2003 are being scanned and may be available at a later date. 

Peer-Reviewed Papers

Breeggemann, J.J., M.A. Kaemingk, T.J. DeBates, C.P. Paukert, J.R. Krause, A.P. Letvin, T.M. Stevens, D.W. Willis, and S.R. Chipps. Submitted for publication. Potential direct and indirect effects of climate change on a natural lake fish assemblage. Ecology of Freshwater Fish.

Bury, R.B. and D.J. Germano. 2003. Differences in habitat use by Blanding’s turtles, Emydoidea blandingii, and painted turtles, Chysemys picta, in the Nebraska Sandhills. American Midland Naturalist 149:241-244.

Cagle, K. D., G. C. Packard, K. Miller, and M. J. Packard. 1993. Effects of the microclimate in natural nests on development of embryonic painted turtles, Chrysemys picta. Functional Ecology 7: 653–660.

Coulter, D.A., J.J. Jolley, K.R. Edwards, and D.W. Willis. 2008. Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) population characteristics and recruitment in two Nebraska Sandhill lakes. Transactions of the Nebraska Academy of Science 31:35-41.

DeBates, T.J., C.P. Paukert, and D.W. Willis. 2003. Fish community responses to the establishment of a piscivore, northern pike Esox lucius, in a Nebraska Sandhill lake. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 18:353-359.

Flanders-Wanner, Bridgette L., G. C. White, and L. L. McDaniel. 2004. Weather and prairie grouse: dealing with effects beyond our control . Wildlife Society Bulletin, Volume 32, Issue 1.

Find More Peer-Reviewed Papers here. 


Anderson, James O. 1992. Upland territorial breeding birds and cattle grazing regimes in Nebraska Sandhills Prairie. Univ. of NE, Omaha (M. A. Thesis)

Aspbury A. S. 2002. Ecology of male dispersion in lek breeding grouse. Univ. of NE. Lincoln. (Ph. D. Dissertation) 

Chvala, P.J. 2000. Bluegill reproductive characteristics in Nebraska Sandhill lakes. M.S. thesis. South Dakota State University, Brookings.

Cole, Thomas P. 1976. A comparative study of two grassland bird communities. Univ. of NE, Omaha (M.A. Thesis)

Coon, Richard A. 1965. Daily movements and home range of the muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus). Western IL Univ. (M.S. Thesis)

Cowles, Sarah A. 2013. Trade-offs in male lek behavior. University of Nebraska, Lincoln,(Ph.D. Dissertation)

Find More Thesis/Dissertations here. 

Miscellaneous Reports

Bogan, Michael A., 1995. A biological survey of Fort Niobrara and Valentine National Wildlife Refuges. National Biological Service, Ft. Collins, CO.

Burgett, Galen R. and R.K. Nickel. 1999. Archeological overview and assessment for Lacreek, Fort Niobrara and Valentine NWRS. USFWS Report.

Kaemingk, M.A., and D.W. Willis. 2014. Abiotic and biotic influences on fish communities in Nebraska Sandhill Lakes. Nebraska Game and Parks Commission, Federal Aid in Sport Fish Restoration, Project F-118-R, Study I, Segments 11-15, Final Report, Lincoln. In final revision. 

Lang, Jeffery W. 2004. Blanding’s turtles on Valentine NWR, NE: population status, estimate of population size, and road mortality. Refuge Report.

Nelson, Kaken J. and B.J. Esmoil. 1999. Background contaminants evaluation of Fort Niobrara and Valentine NWR. USFWS Report.

Pietz, Pamela J. and M.P. Nenneman. 2013. Effects of grazing regimes on grassland birds at Valentine National Wildlife Refuge. U.S. Geological Survey Report.

Speulda, Lou Ann and R.O. Lewis. 2004. Region 6: Historical and architectural assessment of the depression era work projects. USFWS Report.

Steinauer Robert F., 2006 Vegetation survey of the Valentine National Wildlife Refuge. Refuge Report.

Tuta, Zane. 2007. MMRP Site inspection report Grand Island Precision Bombing Range N0.4 US Dept. of Army Report.

Annual Narrative Reports

Find more narratives by clicking here.