Wildlife & Habitat

Snow Geese

Upper Souris NWR provides important habitat for thousands of migratory birds. Over 250 bird species are found here, including waterfowl, shorebirds, raptors and songbirds. Many mammals live on the Refuge as well.  

  • Butterflies

    Swallowtail Butterly

    Upper Souris NWR is one of seven sites in North Dakota that underwent extensive butterfly research.  

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  • Mammals

    13 lined ground squirrel 150 x 118

    You will find a wide variety of mammals on the Upper Souris NWR including moose, deer, fox, porcupine, ground squirrels and bats.

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  • Marsh birds

    Western Grebe 150 x 100

    The great blue heron, American bittern and egret are just three of the marsh birds you may encounter while visiting the refuge.

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  • Owls

    Snowy Owl 148 x 175

    There are nine different owl species found in North Dakota. They are migratory birds of prey found in a variety of habitats.

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  • Raptors

    Bald Eagle 150x100

    Hawks, eagles and falcons are raptors. Raptors are excellent predators that have strong grasping feet with sharp talons, a hooked beak and superb vision.

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  • Reptiles & Amphibians

    Leopard frog

    Frogs, snakes, salamanders and turtles inhabit all areas of the Refuge.

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  • Shorebirds

    Lesser Yellowlegs

    A variety of shorebirds frequent the mud flats and shorelines of the  Upper Souris NWR.

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  • Songbirds

    Savannah Sparrow

    The grasslands, meadows and marshes of the Upper Souris NWR provide excellent habitat for songbirds.

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  • Upland Game Birds


    Sharp-tailed grouse, partridge and pheasant are found in the uplands of the Upper Souris NWR.

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  • Waterfowl

    Goose and goslings

    Waterfowl commonly seen nesting on or near the Upper Souris NWR include gadwalls, blue-winged teal, mallards and Canada geese.

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