Resource Management

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To help plants and wildlife, refuge staff use a variety of habitat management techniques to maintain, recover or enhance plant and wildlife values. Refuge staff carefully consider any management techniques and employ them in varying degrees according to the situation.

  • Habitat Management

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    Historically, the primary focus of habitat management at Turnbull NWR was waterfowl, and in the 1970s it was directed more specifically at managing for redheads. In the 1990's, conservation of biological diversity replaced this single species focus as members of the native floral and faunal community declined and disappeared as the ecosystems surrounding the refuge were altered.

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  • Fire Management

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    Past logging, grazing and suppression of fire has created pine stands with tree densities 2 to 4 times presettlement conditions. Current restoration efforts involving mechanical thinning, piling and burning of excessive downed fuel, and following up with a low intensity understory burn has begun to restore forest to a natural range of conditions.

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  • Elk Management

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    Under high populations and limited habitat, elk browsing can have a significant negative impact on the regeneration of aspen. The benefits of an annual, limited-entry hunt for elk include providing recreation, population management of the elk sub-herd that used the refuge, and reduced impacts by elk on aspen and associated shrubs.

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  • Private Lands Restoration Program

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    Refuge biologists in the private lands program provide landowners financial and technical assistance to restore and enhance wetlands, riparian areas, forests and prairies to benefit native plants and wildlife.

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