About the Refuge

Tree trunks reflecting in the water / Tammy McKinley ©

Within the heartland of Caddo culture, the refuge is situated within a region once occupied by the Native Americans that were part of the great mound-building culture of east Texas and adjoining forested lands.


The Caddoans were a society with a high artistic and architectural tradition that dominated the region for 1,000 years. Today, this important bottomland hardwood landscape is host or home to many species of wildlife that reside or migrate through the area.

Established in 1994 to protect a remnant of the bottomland hardwood forest found along the Trinity River, the 30,000-acre refuge is part of the National Wildlife Refuge System – a national network of lands and waters set aside and managed for the benefit of wildlife, habitat and you.