Wildlife & Habitat

Wildlife and Habitat photo 512 x 298

The Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge contains more than 50,000 acres of diverse habitats that support an equally diverse array of wildlife. Habitat types found on the refuge include rivers and streams, freshwater marshes, water impoundments, agricultural lands, bottomland hardwoods and oak-hickory forests. 

  • Birds

    Killdeer 150 x 131

    Feathered flocks of all kinds gather at the refuge. Over 300 species of birds rest, nest and feed on the refuge.

    Learn more about refuge birds.

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  • Mammals

    cottontail rabbit 150 x 136

    Big and small, the refuge is home to over 50 different kinds of furry creatures.

    Find out who lives here. . .

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  • Fish

    black crappie 149 x 136

    A hot spot for fish species, the refuge can boast 144 fish species, which is more than all the Great Lakes combined.

    Discover who some of them are...

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  • Reptiles & Amphibians

    Box turtle 150 x 117

    With 50 percent of the refuge in water, close to 90 species of frogs, turtles, amphibians and snakes also make the refuge their home.

    See some of the common species...

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  • Invertebrates

    Monarch Butterfly 150 x 134

    The number of species without a backbone is large, and there are many on the Refuge.

    Find out who some of these spineless critters are...

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  • Endangered & Threatened Species

    Indiana bat 150 x 148

    As habitats change and external pressures mount, plant and animal populations can fall well below a sustainable number. Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge is home to handful of threatened and endangered species. 

    Find out which species. . .

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  • Habitat

    Moist Soil 150 x 124

    Habitat is home. Food, water, shelter and space are all essential ingredient to habitat. The amount and type of light, air, water and soil determine a habitat type.

    Explore what makes this refuge home to broad diversity of plants and animals. . .

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