Wildlife & Habitat

Wood Storks

The rich estuarine, mangrove, and marsh habitats of Ten Thousand Islands National Wildlife Refuge attract hundreds of species of wildlife. The abundance and diversity of wildlife on Ten Thousand Islands National Wildlife Refuge is directly related to the health and diversity of the habitats on the refuge.

  • Birds

    Oyster Catcher In Action

    More than 200 bird species are known to use Ten Thousand Islands National Wildlife Refuge. Migratory birds use the Refuge as resting and feeding grounds. Mangrove islands that are a key characteristic of the area also protect birds during storms.

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  • Fish

    Jesse and Red Drum

    Nearly 200 fish species have been documented in the waters of Ten Thousand Islands National Wildlife Refuge. Estuaries and back bays of the mangrove forest serve as important nursery grounds for many fish species, including listed species like the goliath grouper. Sport fish are also common throughout the Refuge and offer an exciting past time to many visiting and local anglers.

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  • Mammals

    Manatee Face

    The Florida manatee and bottle-nosed dolphins are the most commonly encountered marine mammals in Ten Thousand Islands National Wildlife Refuge. Mammals such as raccoons, bobcats, river otters, bobcats, Florida black bears, and the Florida panther may be spotted on mangrove islands and the mainland areas of the Refuge. 

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  • Reptiles

    Sea Turtle 1

    Frequently found year-round in the sub-tropical climate of Ten Thousand Islands National Wildlife Refuge, reptile species here include loggerhead sea turtles, green sea turtles, diamond back terrapins, gopher tortoises, Florida box turtles, South Florida kingsnake, eastern hognose snake, American Alligators, the occasional American crocodile, and many more.

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  • Habitats

    Red Mangroves

    Mangrove forest, marshes, estuaries, and tropical hardwood hammocks are the diverse habitat types of Ten Thousand Islands National Wildlife Refuge that support even more diverse wildlife.

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  • Invasive Species

    Pepper Promo

    Nonnative invasive species of plants and animals must be managed throughout Ten Thousand Islands National Wildlife Refuge to conserve the healthy diversity of native species.

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