Comprehensive Conservation Planning

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The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service prepared the Comprehensive Conservation Plan to guide the management of Swanquarter National Wildlife Refuge in Hyde County, North Carolina. The plan outlines programs and corresponding resource needs for the 15 years, as mandated by the National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997. The plan was approved in September of 2008.

Download Swanquarter National Wildlife Refuge Comprehensive Conservation Plan.


The Comprehensive Conservation Plan proposes moderate program increases. The staff will manage the refuge with prescribed fire conducted by employees from other refuges, but comprehensive monitoring of the prescribed burning will be conducted and the fire management plan will be adapted as needed based on monitoring results. Staff from Mattamuskeet Refuge will maintain the Bell Island Pier and Swanquarter Refuge’s grounds, clean up dumpsites, and pick up litter. Staff from other refuges will survey waterfowl from the air on a routine basis. The refuge will also monitor colonial nesting birds, wading birds, neotropical migrating songbirds, shorebirds, red wolves, marsh birds, reptiles, amphibians, and deer. The refuge will allow all six priority public use activities, and will evaluate increasing waterfowl hunting to 400 hunter days, introducing deer hunting with archery equipment for 100 hunter days, and fishing for 9,000 angler days. The refuge staff will conduct two to ten environmental education programs, and will develop and maintain an interpretative trail or boardwalk on the refuge. The refuge staff will plan to participate in two outreach events annually. The Service will manage the refuge from Mattamuskeet Refuge located ten miles from Swanquarter Refuge. The Mattamuskeet Refuge staff will handle peak workloads at Swanquarter Refuge and will have an annual goal of 300 hours of contributed volunteer work from college interns and community residents.