Duck and ducklings in water

"A true conservationist is a man who knows that the world is not given by his fathers but borrowed from his children." - John James Audubon

  • Comprehensive Conservation Plan

    ruddy duck

    Refuge conservation plans are called “comprehensive conservation plans” (Plan). The purpose of a Plan is to specify a management direction for a refuge for the next 15 years. The goals, objectives, and strategies for improving refuge conditions—including the types of habitat we will provide, partnership opportunities, and management actions needed to achieve desired conditions – are described in the Plan. The US Fish and Wildlife Service’s preferred alternative for managing a refuge and its effects on the human environment, are described in the Plan as well.

    Swan River National Wildlife Refuge's Plan is included in the Benton Lake National Wildlife Refuge Complex Plan.

    Learn More
  • National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act

    National Wildlife Refuge System emblem

    National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997: The NWRS Improvement Act (Act) defines a unifying mission for all refuges, including a process for determining compatible uses on refuges, and requiring that each refuge be managed according to a Comprehensive Conservation Plan. The Act expressly states that wildlife conservation is the priority of National Wildlife Refuge System (System) lands and that the Secretary of the Interior shall ensure that the biological integrity, diversity, and environmental health of refuge lands are maintained. Each refuge must be managed to fulfill the specific purposes for which the refuge was established and the System mission. The first priority of each refuge is to conserve, manage, and if needed, restore fish and wildlife populations and habitats according to its purpose.

    Learn More