Wildlife & Habitat

Birds landing in a marsh

American Avocets

Stewart Lake provides a water bird oasis in southwestern North Dakota. Ducks, geese, shorebirds, and songbirds are attracted to the food, water, shelter, and space that is provided by the refuge.


An official wildlife inventory has not been conducted on Stewart Lake Refuge, but many of the species would be similar to those found at Lake Ilo Refuge, which is approximately 107 miles away. At Lake Ilo, 227 birds, 36 mammals, 6 reptiles, and 3 amphibians have been observed.