Picoides Borealis
Red-cockaded woodpeckers require: living pine trees, preferably longleaf pine, that are over 80 years old; 200-300 acres for foraging; and other similar groups living nearby to maintain social structure. This small bird, about the size of a bluebird, feeds on insects and likes to drill “pitch wells” around the cavity opening to repel snakes and other predators.

Facts About RCW

Length: 8"

Back and wings black, barred white

White below, with fine black streaks on side

Large white cheek patch encircled by black crown, nape, and "mustache"

Male has tiny red spot ("cockade") at rear of crown

Nests in colonies