Rules and Regulations

Rules and Regulations

Recreational Opportunities 


Waterfowl Production Areas are open to wildlife-dependent recreation including hunting (deer, upland game and waterfowl), fishing, wildlife observation, wildlife photography, environmental education, interpretation, hiking, snowshoeing, cross country skiing. 

General Regulations for Waterfowl Production Areas     

  •  No entry fees
  •  Public use is prohibited from dusk to dawn, except for hunting in accordance with state laws   
  •  Dogs are welcome but must be leashed unless hunting within a designated season  
  •  Visitors are welcome to hike throughout the areas and are not required to stay on established roads and trails    
  •  Berry and mushroom collecting is limited to personal consumption   
  •  Collection of artifacts is prohibited 
  •  We allow motorized vehicles only on public roads and parking areas 
  •  Please note that restrooms are not available on the areas
  •  Dumping deer carcasses is prohibited and may cause lead poisoning in scavengers such as Bald Eagles  

NOT PERMITTED: Motorized vehicles, gas and electric boat motors, bikes, horses, fires, camping, commercial enterprises, target shooting, geocaching, dog training and dumping of deer carcasses


Hunting Regulations for Waterfowl Production Areas  

Waterfowl Production Areas are open to hunting, fishing and trapping subject to all applicable federal and state laws, except where posted with "Closed to Public Hunting" signs. In addition to the general regulations above:   

  • Placement of bait and hunting over bait is prohibited 
  • Non-toxic shot is required for ALL hunting (does not apply to rifle bullets or shotgun slugs) 
  • Blinds, tree stands, and cameras must be removed daily. Damage to trees is prohibited, including cutting shooting lanes and the use of screw-in tree steps and stands  
  • Possession or use of alcoholic beverages while hunting is prohibited 
  • Shining or spotlighting wildlife is prohibited
  • Use of hunting dogs is allowed, provided the dog is under the immediate control of the hunter at all times    

Deer hunters are encouraged to use lead free ammunition when hunting. Research has found that lead pieces left behind in the gut piles of deer are dangerous and even deadly to the eagles and other wildlife that eat them.

Oak Ridge Waterfowl Production area is closed to hunting from the opening day of waterfowl season until the 1st Saturday in December EXCEPT deer hunting during regular archery, gun and muzzleloader seasons.     

Designated portions of St. Croix Prairie WPA and Prairie Flats South WPA are closed around the office and shop facilities.