Nulhegan Basin Division - USFWS.

  • Land Protection Projects

    There are five land protection projects in Vermont

    Nulhegan Basin

    Ompompanoosuc River

    Ottauquechee River

    West River

    White River

  • Nulhegan Basin Division

    The Nulhegan Basin Division is located in the most remote part of Vermont in the towns of Brunswick, Ferdinand, Bloomfield, and Lewis. The division headquarters and visitor contact station is located in Brunswick (about 10 miles east of Island Pond). Refuge lands consist of more than 26,600 acres of conifer and deciduous forest interspersed with forested wetlands, peatlands and shrub swamps, and contain three of the four tributaries of the Nulhegan River. These lands are nested within a working forest landscape exceeding 150,000 acres. Located just a few miles south of the Canadian border, the basin’s vegetation most closely resembles that of the northern Appalachian Mountains, interspersed with elements of the boreal forest to the north. This division is known for abundant songbirds, particularly boreal species and warblers, and has been designated an Important Bird Area by the National Audubon Society. It is open to the public for hunting, fishing, wildlife observation and photography, environmental education, and interpretation.

    Visitor opportunities include formal trails, as well as access to remote areas off trails. Hunting (ruffed grouse, snowshoe hare, deer, and moose), fishing, and bird watching are popular activities.

    The Nulhegan Basin Division also contains a visitor contact station (open daily from 8:00am to 4:30pm). Admission to the exhibits is free. Scenic overlooks at the visitor contact station and Lewis Pond provide panoramic views of the Nulhegan Basin.

    Hiking Trails

    Mollie Beattie Bog: a self-guided, 200-foot, wheelchair-accessible boardwalk and trail. Among the most significant black spruce woodland bogs in Vermont, it has been recognized as a state significant site. It contains one of the largest populations of bog sedge, which is a rare plant in Vermont.

    Nulhegan River Trail: a 1-mile interpretive loop that originates at the visitor contact station. This is a rustic trail with stone steps and "bog" bridges. This trail is accessible year-round, and is suitable for snowshoeing.

    North Branch Trail: a 4-mile loop bordering the North Branch of the Nulhegan River. It is also a rustic trail and is accessible year-round from a parking area on Vermont Route 105. In addition to snowshoeing, certain segments are also suitable for cross-country skiing.

    The division contains forty miles of gravel roads, which accommodate passenger vehicles and are open generally between Memorial Day and mid-December. During the winter, the roads are not plowed, but a network of groomed trails is available for properly registered snowmobiles (VAST TMA required). Call the visitor contact station for the current status of the roads. Bicycles are allowed on gravel roads. Horses and ATVs are not allowed.


    Black-throated blue warbler, blackburnian warbler, northern parula, ruffed grouse, spruce grouse, American woodcock, gray jay, black-backed woodpecker, boreal chickadee, hermit thrushe, alder flycatcher, palm warbler, broad-winged hawk, golden-crowned kinglet, wood duck, Canada warbler, American redstart, mourning warbler, cedar waxwing, pine siskin, and many other forest-dependent species.  


    Eastern brook trout, brown trout. 


    White-tailed deer, black bear, moose, snowshoe hare, coyote, red squirrel, fisher, bobcat, porcupine.  


    Blue-bead lily, trout lily, Canada mayflower, Canada lily, Solomon’s seal, rhodora, Labrador tea, sundew, lady slippers, pitcher plants, and other northern bog plant species.

    Download the Nulhegan Basin Division Rack Card 

     Download the Nulhegan Basin Division Brochure 

    Learn more about Nulhegan Basin Wildlife Management Strategy

    Download the Nulhegan Basin Division Visitor Map

  • Putney Mountain Unit

    The Putney Mountain Unit encompasses 285 acres in Putney and Brookline, Vermont, and was acquired to protect the federally endangered Northeastern bulrush. It is part of a nine-mile ridgeline formation that includes additional lands conserved by the Putney Mountain Association and Windmill Hill Pinnacle Association. The landscape is a northern hardwood forest, consisting mostly of American beech, sugar maple, and yellow birch. Several beaver ponds occur on the property. It lies about 20 miles north of the Massachusetts border and 5 miles west of the Connecticut River. A formal trail network is planned for the near future.
    This division is open to the public for hunting, wildlife observation, photography, environmental education, and interpretation.  This unit is popular for bird watching, particularly during the fall hawk migration.


    White-tailed deer, black bear, wood duck, wild turkey, beaver, many species of forest-nesting songbirds.

    Download the Putney Mountain Unit trail map