• Comprehensive Conservation Plan

    Refuge conservation plans are called “comprehensive conservation plans” (CCPs). The purpose of a CCP is to specify a management direction for the refuge for the next 15 years. The goals, objectives, and strategies for improving refuge conditions—including the types of habitat we will provide, partnership opportunities, and management actions needed to achieve desired conditions – are described in the CCP. The Service’s preferred alternative for managing the refuge and its effects on the human environment, are described in the CCP as well.

    Shiawassee National Wildlife Refuge’s CCP was completed in 2001.

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  • Habitat Management Plan

    The Habitat Management Plan, a step‐down plan of the refuge’s Comprehensive Conservation Plan (see above), provides more precise guidance for habitat management on the refuge’s existing land base. It will help facilitate thoughtful and explicit planning for habitat objectives and management actions. Additionally, the Habitat Management Plan will inform the refuge Inventory and Monitoring Plan and Annual Habitat Management Plans. 

    Click "Learn More" below to download a copy of the Habitat Management Plan. 

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  • National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act

    National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997: The NWRS Improvement Act defines a unifying mission for all refuges, including a process for determining compatible uses on refuges, and requiring that each refuge be managed according to a CCP. The NWRS Improvement  Act expressly states that wildlife conservation is the priority of System lands and that the Secretary shall ensure that the biological integrity, diversity, and environmental health of refuge lands are maintained. Each refuge must be managed to fulfill the specific purposes for which the refuge was established and the System mission. The first priority of each refuge is to conserve, manage, and if needed, restore fish and wildlife populations and habitats according to its purpose.

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