Grasslands are managed with emphasis on providing optimum nesting cover for upland-nesting waterfowl. Water management on the refuge is limited by irregular flows in the James River. Spring flows allow the filling of Mud Lake and Sand Lake to full pool levels by early May. Summer drawdowns are scheduled when needed to re-establish emergent vegetation within the pools.
Page Photo Credits Canada bluejoint grass - Tom Koerner/USFWS
Last Updated: Jan 10, 2014