Shorebirds in Flight


Refuge conservation plans are called “comprehensive conservation plans” (CCPs). The purpose of a CCP is to specify a management direction for the refuge for the next 15 years. The goals, objectives, and strategies for improving refuge conditions—including the types of habitat we will provide, partnership opportunities, and management actions needed to achieve desired conditions – are described in the CCP. The Service’s preferred alternative for managing the refuge and its effects on the human environment, are described in the CCP as well. 

Read San Pablo Bay NWR's CCP.

When developing the conservation and management goals for the refuge, the refuge referred to several conservation and restoration plans already set in place for the San Francisco Bay Area. These plans are Southern Pacific Shorebird Conservation Plan, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture, Tidal Marsh Recovery Plan, 2008-2012 National Invasive Species Management Plan, Baylands Ecosystem Habitat Goals, Subtidal Habitat Goals Project, and San Francisco Bay Plan.

An important component in conservation is to acquire land for protection. This is accomplished through a variety of methods including purchasing the land, working with willing landowners and local and state agencies to manage the land as part of the national wildlife refuge, and obtaining conservation easements with the existing land owners. San Pablo Bay National Wildlife Refuge uses all these methods to achieve conservations goals.

National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997 defines a unifying mission for all refuges, including a process for determining compatible uses on refuges, and requiring that each refuge be managed according to a CCP. The NWRS Improvement Act expressly states that wildlife conservation is the priority of System lands and that the Secretary shall ensure that the biological integrity, diversity, and environmental health of refuge lands are maintained. Each refuge must be managed to fulfill the specific purposes for which the refuge was established and the System mission. The first priority of each refuge is to conserve, manage, and if needed, restore fish and wildlife populations and habitats according to its purpose.