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Ruddy Duck Displaying by Mike Peters

The Complex is involved in a variety of techniques for conservation including Comprehensive Conservation Plans, Conservation Easements, and the National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act.

  • Comprehensive Conservation Plan


    Comprehensive Conservation Plans (CCP) specify a management direction for the Refuge for the next 15 years. Each refuge at the Complex has its own CCP. The goals, objectives, and strategies for improving Refuge conditions—including the types of habitat we will provide, partnership opportunities, and management actions needed to achieve desired conditions – are described in the CCP. The Service’s preferred alternative for managing the Refuge and its effects on the human environment are described in the CCP as well.

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  • Conservation Easement Program


    The Conservation Easement Program is a voluntary program where willing landowners are paid a percentage of their wetland or agricultural property's fair market value for purchase of the farming and development rights in perpetuity. See our Partnerships page for more information on other Private Lands Programs.

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  • National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act


    National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997: The NWRS Improvement Act defines a unifying mission for all refuges, including a process for determining compatible uses on refuges, and requiring that each refuge be managed according to a CCP. The NWRS Improvement  Act expressly states that wildlife conservation is the priority of System lands and that the Secretary shall ensure that the biological integrity, diversity, and environmental health of refuge lands are maintained. Each refuge must be managed to fulfill the specific purposes for which the refuge was established and the System mission. The first priority of each refuge is to conserve, manage, and if needed, restore fish and wildlife populations and habitats according to its purpose.

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  • Partnerships


    The Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge Complex works closely with many different federal, state and local partners to conserve, protect and enhance fish, wildlife, plants and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people.

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Page Photo Credits — by Mike Peters
Last Updated: Feb 21, 2016
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