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Biological Surveys

Geese staff 512Several types of surveys are undertaken throughout the year.  These help us to understand population sizes, trends, changes over time, or simply provide us a baseline of information.

Regular Surveys

The following are examples, and results, of surveys conducted at Quivira.

Waterfowl Surveys 

Refuge-wide estimates of waterfowl (geese, ducks, swans, etc.) are conducted from September through April.  These surveys are not on a set schedule but are held on average once every two weeks.  Counts of Sandhill Cranes, White Pelicans, and Bald Eagles are usually included on these surveys. 

Blue-winged Teal 448

Waterfowl Survey, most recent: Monday, November 28, 2016 (refuge-wide).  Regular waterfowl surveys began the second week of September. 

NOTE:   the numbers below are from formal, refuge-wide surveys.  For other estimates on waterfowl numbers, call the refuge phone number 620-486-2393 and ask for extension 105, or the same number after business hours (7:30 - 4:00 Monday through Friday) for a recorded message.

Species  Count (estimate)
Gr. White-fronted Goose 20,291
Snow Goose 9,666
Ross' Goose 0
Snow/Ross' Goose (not separated) 0
Cackling Goose 207
Canada Goose 63
unk. goose 10,000
Wood Duck 0
Gadwall 88
American Wigeon 163
Mallard 3,642
Blue-winged Teal 6
Green-winged Teal 1,010
Cinnamon Teal 0
Teal, sp. 0
Northern Shoveler 300
Northern Pintail 3,513
Canvasback 85
Redhead 7
Ring-necked Duck 5
Lesser Scaup 16
Bufflehead 39
Common Goldeneye 2
Hooded Merganser 8
Common Merganser 0
Ruddy Duck 918
unk. ducks 1,302
divers, sp. 0
dabblers, sp. (other than above) 495
 TOTAL GEESE  83,641
TOTAL DUCKS  11,599
   
Other Birds  
Sandhill Crane 2
White Pelican 5
American Coot 11
Western Grebe 0
Eared Grebe 0
Horned Grebe 0
Pied-billed Grebe 2
White-faced Ibis 0
Tundra Swan 0
Double-crested Cormorant 0
Bald Eagle 31

Shorebird Surveys 

Refuge-wide surveys of shorebirds are conducted from mid-March through early June, and again from late June through October.   Depending on water conditions, shorebirds can occur throughout the Refuge, but are particularly abundant in and near Big Salt Marsh.

Wilson's Phalarope 448

Shorebird Survey, most recent:  Tuesday, October 18, 2016 (this is the final survey of the season)


 Species Count
Black-necked Stilt 0
American Avocet 605
Black-bellied Plover 7
American Golden Plover 0
pluvialis, sp. plover 0
Snowy Plover 0
Semipalmated Plover 0
Piping Plover 0
Killdeer 7
Upland Sandpiper 0
Whimbrel 0
Long-billed Curlew 0
Hudsonian Godwit 0
Marbled Godwit 0
Ruddy Turnstone 0
Red Knot 0
Stilt Sandpiper 521
Sanderling 0
Dunlin 0
Baird's Sandpiper 0
Least Sandpiper 550
White-rumped Sandpiper 0
Buff-breasted Sandpiper 0
Pectoral Sandpiper 1
Semipalmated Sandpiper 0
Western Sandpiper 0
Short-billed Dowitcher 0
Long-billed Dowitcher 0
dowitcher, sp. 2,171
Wilson's Snipe 0
Spotted Sandpiper 0
Solitary Sandpiper 0
Greater Yellowlegs 89
Willet 0
Lesser Yellowegs 66
yellowlegs, sp. 0
Wilson's Phalarope 0
Red-necked Phalarope 0
Peep, sp. 1,100
unidentified shorebirds 0
   
 Number of Species  9
Number of Individuals  5,117

 

North American Migration Count (NAMC) 

A county-by-county survey conducted the second Saturday each May, the NAMC is a volunteer-run count.  Typically, the count covers Quivira, but additional areas in the county (such as area towns) are frequently checked.  Check back here in 2013 for the latest results.

 

Christmas Bird Count (CBC)

An all-day count held annually in mid-December, this is a group effort to find as many birds as possible within a 15-mile diameter circle, centered in the middle of Quivira.  As many as a hundred species (and several million birds) have been recorded in past years.  Quivira's first CBC was held in 1959, and the count has been conducted annually since except for 1966 and 1982.

Christmas Bird Count, Quivira, 16 December 2014

Note:  CW = seen during the count week, but not on count day; bold type denotes an unusual species to the count.

Species Number
Greater White-fronted Goose 160
Snow Goose 42,000
Ross' Goose 300
Cackling Goose 120
Canada Goose 1,500
Gadwall 1
American Wigeon 4
Mallard 1,850
Northern Shoveler 1
Northern Pintail 138
Green-winged Teal 27
Redhead 7
Ring-necked Duck 13
Lesser Scaup 7
Bufflehead 4
Common Goldeneye 175
Common Merganser 74
Northern Bobwhite 91
Ring-necked Pheasant 14
Wild Turkey 178
Great Blue Heron 14
White-faced Ibis 1
Bald Eagle 27
Northern Harrier 91
Sharp-shinned Hawk 2
Cooper's Hawk 3
Red-tailed Hawk 103
Red-tailed (Harlan's) Hawk 2
Ferruginous Hawk 1
Rough-legged Hawk 1
American Kestrel 45
Merlin 2
Prairie Falcon 2
Virginia Rail 4
American Coot 1
Dunlin CW
Bonaparte's Gull 1
Ring-billed Gull 130
Herring Gull 6
Rock Pigeon 9
Eurasian Collared Dove  9
Mourning Dove 66
Eastern Screech Owl 6
Great Horned Owl 24
Barred Owl 2
Short-eared Owl 5
Belted Kingfisher 3
Red-bellied Woodpecker 26
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker 5
Downy Woodpecker 19
Hairy Woodpecker 7
Northern Flicker 150
Northern Flicker (Red-shafted) 30
Loggerhead Shrike 7
Blue Jay 1
American Crow 15
Horned Lark 115
White-breasted Nuthatch 14
Black-capped Chickadee 1
Sedge Wren CW
Marsh Wren 3
Carolina Wren 4
Golden-crowned Kinglet 5
Ruby-crowned Kinglet 1
Eastern Bluebird 74
Mountain Bluebird 18
Hermit Thrush 2
American Robin 190
Northern Mockingbird 7
European Starling 425
Cedar Waxwing 8
Lapland Longspur 10
Yellow-rumped Warbler 21
Spotted Towhee 1
American Tree Sparrow 14,061
Field Sparrow 9
Savannah Sparrow 4
Fox Sparrow 5
Song Sparrow 38
Harris' Sparrow 325
White-crowned Sparrow 55
Dark-eyed Junco 560
Northern Cardinal 42
Red-winged Blackbird 2,500
Eastern Meadowlark 8
Western Meadowlark 81
meadowlark, sp. 336
Brewer's Blackbird 2,408
Brown-headed Cowbird 33
Purple Finch 1
House Finch 66
Pine Siskin 9
American Goldfinch 141
House Sparrow 37
Total Species 89
Total Individuals 75,428
Additional Count Week Species 0

 

 

Breeding Bird Surveys

Most years, a Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) route is conducted twice during early summer (usually June).  This is done along a 25-mile route, with stops every half mile, where all birds seen and heard are recorded.

Lark Sparrow 448

 

 

  Breeding Bird Survey, conducted 7 June 2016 (preliminary/unofficial totals)

Species

 

Number of spots

 

 

Number of birds

Canada Goose 1 6
Wood Duck 3 5
Mallard 3 5
Blue-winged Teal 6 9
Northern Pintail 3 4
Canvasback 1 2
Redhead 2 62
Ruddy Duck 3 59
Northern Bobwhite 28 41
Ring-necked Pheasant 12 17
Wild Turkey 1 1
Pied-billed Grebe 3 4
Eared Grebe 2 7
Double-crested Cormorant 1 1
American Bittern 1 1
Great Blue Heron 2 3
Turkey Vulture 2 4
Red-tailed Hawk 6 6
American Kestrel 1 1
American Coot 4 236
Snowy Plover 3 30
Killdeer 15 23
Black-necked Stilt 7 20
American Avocet 1 2
Upland Sandpiper 1 1
White-rumped Sandpiper 1 1
Wilson's Phalarope 3 7
Franklin's Gull 1 3
Least Tern 1 1
Mourning Dove 21 40
Great Horned Owl 2 2
Chimney Swift 1 1
Red-headed Woodpecker 2 3
Red-bellied Woodpecker 1 1
Northern Flicker 3 3
Eastern Wood Pewee 1 1
Eastern Phoebe 1 1
Great Crested Flycatcher 4 4
Western Kingbird 8 11
Eastern Kingbird 20 37
Loggerhead Shrike 1 2
Bell's Vireo 4 5
Warbling Vireo 5 5
Blue Jay 1 1
Tree Swallow 1 1
Cliff Swallow 12 100
Barn Swallow 5 14
House Wren 15 20
American Robin 4 6
Northern Mockingbird 2 2
Brown Thrasher 6 9
European Starling 10 26
Yellow Warbler 5 6
Common Yellowthroat 8 10
Field Sparrow 1 1
Lark Sparrow 5 6
Northern Cardinal 2 3
Blue Grosbeak 2 3
Dickcissel 40 128
Red-winged Blackbird 29 248
Eastern Meadowlark 39 115
Western Meadowlark 1 1
Yellow-headed Blackbird 6 8
Common Grackle 16 36
Brown-headed Cowbird 8 13
Orchard Oriole 11 13
Baltimore Oriole 18 31
American Goldfinch 3 4
     
Total Species  72  
Total Birds  1,503  
additional species (not on count)    
Lesser Scaup    
American Wigeon    
Pectoral Sandpiper    
Last Updated: Dec 02, 2016
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