Wildlife & Habitat

Glaucous-winged gulls in flight - Peter Davis

Protection Island is an important breeding site for a number of birds of the Salish Sea.  While it was set aside to protect habitat for a broad range of wildlife it was specifically reserved to provide sanctuary for bald eagles, tufted puffins, rhinoceros auklets, pigeon guillemots, pelagic cormorants, and harbor seals.  During breeding season every habitat from the shoreline to the bluffs to the grassland and forest teem with thousands of birds.

  • Birds

    Double-crested cormorant - Peter Hodum

    Protection Island is a crucial site for seabirds of the Salish Sea.  Seventy percent of Washington's Salish Sea population of breeding seabirds nest on Protection Island.  As human development throughout the region increases, maintaining a pristine habitat for these magnificent creatures becomes more vital.  The birds listed here are but a few of the fantastic species that flock to this special island.

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  • Marine Mammals

    Harbor seal - USFWS Dow Lambert

    The shoreline of Protection Island provides essential habitat for members of the seal family.  Although they spend much of their lives in water, clean beaches free from disturbances are important to seals so that they can rest, breed, and birth pups.

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  • Habitat

    List-PI WT-Davis

    Protection Island packs a rich variety of habitats into its 364 acres.  Gravelly beaches lead to steep, sandy bluffs which are topped with a verdant prairie and small section of forest.  The wide mixture of habitats allows many animals to utilize this island.

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