Wildlife & Habitat


  • White-tailed Deer

    deer jumping

    White-tailed deer are common on the refuge, and can likely be seen any day of the week.  Dawn and dusk are the primary times to see any wildlife.  Deer can be seen in any woodland habitat, crossing the road or at the edge of the road.  Does normally begin dropping fawns in early May.  Bucks begin growing their antlers in the spring and will have hardened antlers by mid-August. 

  • Migrant Songbirds

    mocking bird

    Neo-tropical migrant songbirds such as the white-eyed vireo, hooded warbler, Swanson’s warbler, and indigo bunting are a few migrants that arrive early spring and can be seen throughout the refuge until early fall when they will begin migrating south.  Knowing the call of a bird is important and may be the only way they are located.    

  • Waterfowl

    wood duck

    Waterfowl begin arriving in late fall and can be seen on lakes, sloughs and rivers.  The main species are wood duck, mallard, gadwall, and green-winged teal.  Most waterfowl located in the Central Flyway can be seen in low numbers at various times. 

  • Bottomland Hardwood Forest


    The native forest is primarily bottomland hardwood with a mix of loblolly pine scattered throughout. The habitat is an extensive wetland complex comprised of the forested overflow bottoms and riparian forests of the Little and Cossatot Rivers.  The plant communities are complex and reflect the small elevation changes, complex soils, and other ecosystem processes that have created and maintained a highly diverse plant community across the refuge.  

  • Loblolly Pine


    Approximately 6,255 acres of loblolly pine were planted by Weyerhaeuser Timber Company in various plantation plots throughout the refuge. These stands were planted in 1970, 1977, 1982, and 1987.  Historically, the Refuge was dominated by bottomland and upland hardwood forests. In 2004 the refuge began harvesting the pine to allow natural hardwood regeneration to occur in hope of restoring these pine stands to a hardwood forest.  

  • Feral Hog Management on National Wildlife Refuges in Arkansas

    Feral Hogs

    What are feral hogs?
    Feral hogs (Sus scrofa) are domestic hogs that either escaped or have been released. They may be a hybrid of domestic hogs and introduced Russian boars. The rapidly expanding distribution of feral hogs in the United States has caused great concern for many land and resource managers. Feral hogs are an exotic species not native to North America.

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