Wildlife & Habitat



Oxford Slough Waterfowl Production Area is an unstaffed station with minimal management. Some of the upland areas have alkaline soils, covered with native grasses and shrubs; these areas are not grazed or managed. Several native grass hayfields and irrigated alfalfa fields are hayed to provide short grass feeding areas for geese and cranes. Some dry land has been seeded to dense nesting cover and some is still cooperatively farmed. The WPA does not encompass the whole of the marsh, so part of the marsh is still in private ownership, and no water management is undertaken by the WPA on those portions. The marsh is allowed to fluctuate naturally; in drought years it dries out.

  • Birds

    Canada goose family

    The hardstem bulrush marsh attracts large numbers of nesting waterfowl, while the playa areas surrounding the marsh attract migrating and nesting shorebirds. 

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  • Habitat

    Oxford Rx Fire

    Prescribed fire is used periodically in the more densely vegetated areas of the marsh. It creates open water ponds in the marsh after re-flooding and recycles nutrients that increase plant growth, resulting in improved habitat and markedly increased use by waterfowl.


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